There has been a 40% surge in allegations of physical and psychological abuse towards the elderly over the past two years, it has been revealed. According to details released under the Freedom of Information Act, the HSE received 711 complaints of physical abuse in 2016 – but this rose to 1,010 last year.Allegations of psychological abuse rose by 41% in this time frame, with 1,261 last year. The HSE said it has a no-tolerance approach towards all abuse, but Fianna Fáil TD Eugene Murphy said the stats are a big worry.He said: “The information which has been received through the Freedom of Information revealed shocking figures.“While one might say they are allegations, the fact that the HSE is saying that quite a large amount of them have reasonable grounds is certainly shocking and certainly is an issue that would cause a lot of concern to a lot of people.”Huge increase in allegations of abuse toward the elderly was last modified: August 30th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Like many farms in Ohio, the 2016 planting season started a little later than expected for Marion County’s Lill Farms. Planters started rolling on May 23 and wrapped up in the first part of June. Summer dealt a rough five-week period with no rain and then timely August rains helped push yield numbers to higher marks than anticipated.As harvest time approached, Lill Farms’ David Niederhuber had to take a hiatus from the corn and soybean fields to take off another crop that is part of the farm’s rotation — buckwheat.“We started growing buckwheat here in the early 1990s and it certainly is a unique crop,” Niederhuber said. “It’s a double-crop with a short growing season and it goes in after wheat and this year we planted it on July 15 but it can go in as late as Aug. 1.”With a mid-summer planting time frame and a short growing season window, the weather experienced this year was ideal for the unique crop.“We received about two inches of rain about a week after we planted it,” Niederhuber said. “That was helpful, but buckwheat doesn’t need a lot of rain and it doesn’t require the best soils and it is most beneficial in how it pulls fertilizer back out of the soil and will make it readily available for next year’s corn crop.”Because it grows so quickly and helps to keep the weeds down, buckwheat works really well as a cover crop, not to mention the added production revenue per acre.“That is always a factor we consider when we decide to plant buckwheat,” Niederhuber said. “The last time we put wheat out we followed it with tillage radishes and crimson clover, but buckwheat looked good on paper this year.”In a normal growing season, buckwheat requires a frost in order to be harvested, but the extended warm temperatures of 2016 forced Lill Farms to take a different approach.“Buckwheat is an indeterminate crop, which means it will keep flower and producing seed until it is dead,” Niederhuber said. “Normally we go in and cut it three days after the first frost, but this year that wasn’t an option. It did look pretty green coming out the back, but all and all we didn’t have too many issues with cutting it before a frost.”A decent yield for double-crop buckwheat is around 25 to 30 bushels to the acre and Lill Farms was a bit above average with this year’s harvest.Choosing to plant buckwheat in Ohio does have other challenges. The dealer that Lill Farms used to work with was in Forrest, Ohio, but there are currently no buckwheat dealers in the state, leaving the only option to deal directly with a mill in New York.“I make the trip up to pick up the seed and I’ll take the harvested product back to that mill this fall,” Niederhuber said. “They will process it to make buckwheat flour which is then used for pancakes.”Buckwheat is considered highly nutritious and the market for the grain is growing, especially with an increasing number of people adopting a gluten-free diet. Buckwheat is not a member of the wheat family and is more closely related to rhubarb.This rare crop is marketed much differently than corn and soybeans, which base their values from the Chicago Board of Trade.“Buckwheat is a 100% production direct contract,” Niederhuber said. “The mill sets the price for the seed and sets the price for what they’ll pay when you deliver the harvest back to them and it’s all on the hundredweight.”Trucking the new crop back to New York is the biggest expense in Lill Farm’s buckwheat endeavor.“That may be one of the biggest hurdles for other farmers playing with the idea of making buckwheat a part of their operation,” Niederhuber said. “Logistically and economically, not many farmers are going to be willing to make that trip when harvest is complete.”That’s why the decision to plant double-crop buckwheat on these Central Ohio wheat acres is made on a year-to-year basis.“Straw has chemicals in it that are toxic to the buckwheat, so we chose to bale 3,500 bales of straw this year as opposed to disking it in,” Niederhuber said. “Combine the value of that straw with the value of the buckwheat and the end result to the bottom line would equal close to 200 bushel corn with a quarter to half of the expense.”With two plantings, two harvests and straw handling, Niederhuber and Lill Farms are willing to do the more difficult tasks in order to make things work in this current agricultural economy. In 2017, an additional 10 acres of buckwheat will be planted for a total of 60 acres, meaning a few more pancakes for the rest of us and a bit more profit for Lill Farms.
Uttar Pradesh pacer Shalabh Srivastava has become the first of the five players, banned by the Indian cricket Board for their alleged role in spot fixing, to move a court of law against the sentence.Srivastava, 31, has prayed in the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court that his five-year ban be squashed and he be given interim relief to play cricket, which has been the main source of his livelihood.The counsel for Srivastava said that his client wants quashing of the order of the special disciplinary committee of the Board of Control for Cricket in India(BCCI), and also that of Ravi Sawani, BCCI’s one-man inquiry committee.”There are six respondents in the case.They are the Union of India through the Ministry of Sports, the BCCI, the BCCI president (N Srinivasan), the BCCI secretary (Sanjay Jagdale), the inquiry commission, and the BCCI disciplinary committee,” senior advocate Prashant Chandra told Mail Today from Lucknow.Besides Srinivasan, BCCI vice-presidents Niranjan Shah and Arun Jaitley were part of the disciplinary committee, which has since become ‘functus officio’, or non-existent after it completed the purpose it was formed for.A Bench of Justice Uma Nath Singh and Justice Virendra Kumar Dixit is hearing the case.A hearing is slated for Thursday.Sources close to Srivastava, a member of the under-19 World Cup-winning team of 2000, say he believes he had done no wrong and the punishment for “loose talk” has been too severe.Before moving the court, Srivastava had written to the sports ministry, praying for relief.advertisementThe ministry, in its reply, said that since the Indian Premier League(IPL), during which the sting operation was undertaken, was a private tournament, it couldn’t do much.It, however, suggested that the Srivastava could approach a higher authority than the BCCI. It was then that Srivastava decided to take the legal recourse.”He’s confident that he would get justice as he believes that he’s done no wrong. He has maintained this from the first day,” a source close to the player said.The BCCI disciplinary committee itself admitted that there was “no evidence of actual match fixing or money changing hands in his case”, but held him guilty of ” grave misconduct and misdemeanour in as much as speaking to an unauthorised person and not reporting to the BCCI”.Apart from Srivastava, TP Sudhindra (Deccan Chargers, life), Mohnish Mishra (Pune Warriors, five years), Amit Yadav (Kings XI Punjab, one year), and Abhinav Bali (Himachal Pradesh, one year) were also banned.Two reporters of the channel posed as representatives of a fictitious player management firm, Joy Khel and Masti, and induced them into spot fixing in return for money. Sawani then held player-agents responsible for introducing “malpractices” into the game.Disciplinary panel verdictHe has been playing first-class cricket since 1999. He has played Ranji Trophy for Uttar Pradesh and has played Duleep Trophy, Irani Trophy and Deodhar Trophy.He was also part of the under-19 Indian team. After playing for two seasons for ICL(Indian Cricket league), he has joined IPL after receiving general amnesty.He admits that two undercover reporters met him impersonating as representative of a sports management company. He failed to appear before us despite a notice. However, in order to comply with principles of fair play and natural justice, we contacted him on telephone.He informed us that he was going to Shirdi with his family and, therefore, could not attend. We gave him a chance to defend himself on telephone where members heard him at length.He stated that he was receiving calls from these two undercover reporters and that they were trying to trap him. They had repeatedly met him. He has never fixed a match in his career nor did he receive any unauthorised payments from these persons.However, a perusal of the conversations that he had with these persons clearly reveals that he was agreeing to negotiate a future contract where he would be paid Rs 30 lakh by cheque and Rs 70 lakh by cash.He has also stated that the BCCI is normally in (the) know of these cash transactions.He, thereafter, has spoken loosely about the BCCI, certain players, and BCCI officials.He is also guilty of making unsubstantial statements and indulging in conduct which has brought the game of cricket into disrepute. He deserves exemplary punishments so that others are deterred from committing such offence.The undercover reporters asked Shalabh Srivastava if he was comfortable in discharging other favours, including spot fixing by bowling a no ball, wide ball, (and) being hit for 16 runs an over.advertisementThere is detailed conversation about a bargain being struck for spot fixing where he finds Rs 5 lakh as payment for the same as inadequate and wants a minimum of Rs 10 lakh.The commissioner of inquiry, after perusing the evidence, holds him guilty of grave misconduct and misdemeanour in as much as speaking to an unauthorised person and not reporting to the BCCI.His consenting to negotiate a future contract by charging black money, agreeing to spot fixing, and making unsubstantiated allegations against BCCI and other players (sic).Even though there is no proof of fixing or money changing hands, he is guilty of misconduct under 3.1(vi), 3.1(viii), and 3.2(ii), (xii) and (xiv) of the BCCI regulations.
LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Advertisement Advertisement Login/Register With: Advertisement 2019 JUNO Gala Dinner & Awards. Michael Bublé, winner Adult Contemporary Album of the Year. London Convention Centre, London, On. March 16, 2019. Twitter Facebook London, ON: While Pickering, Ontario, pop sensation Shawn Mendes was entertaining a Saturday night concert crowd in Denmark, he was piling up the Juno Awards on the opposite side of the Atlantic at the annual Gala Dinner & Awards at the London Convention Centre.The 20-year-old Mendes won all four trophies he was nominated for – including Artist of the Year. His other wins were in the categories of Pop Album, for his eponymous long player; Single, for “In My Blood”; and Songwriter of the Year for his co-writes “In My Blood,” “Youth” and “Lost in Japan”.The three-and-a-half hour ceremony counted a surprise appearance by Michael Bublé, who presented David Foster with the Humanitarian Award, and the arrival of the first Juno for Jonquiére, Québec metal legends Voivod in its 36-year history.
Based on projected wins or over/under win totals. Data gathered on March 16, 2017.Sources: Baseball Prospectus, Fangraphs, Clay Davenport, Las Vegas Review-Journal 5Cincinnati Reds7470747172.1 neil (Neil Paine, FiveThirtyEight senior sportswriter): So let’s get started with the elephant in the room of this division: The Cubs are once again huge favorites — 88 percent to win the division, according to FanGraphs. What can we say about them that hasn’t already been said ad nauseam during their World Series run last year?craigjedwards: Just replace “Will they end the drought?” with “Will they repeat?”neil: Or maybe “Will they form a dynasty?”natesilver: I would say that 88 percent to win the division intuitively sounds very high. We had them at 56 percent last year in a similar-ish situation.craigjedwards: 88 percent is high. Although last season both the Cardinals and Pirates appeared to have better teams than they do this season.natesilver: But bigger picture … What is there to say except that it’s been a while since we had a baseball team that was set up for this sort of long-term success?craigjedwards: They basically have the same team back, with few guys to worry about suffering precipitous aging declines, plus Jason Heyward possibly not being as bad as he was last season.natesilver: Let’s not forget that they’re also up one Kyle Schwarber this year (although he won’t help on defense).craigjedwards: The only question is the pitching rotation. In 2015 and 2016, they had all their top guys healthy and pitching well. It would take a major disaster in the rotation, but if they don’t meet expectations, that is where it is likely to come from.neil: Right — did that pitching performance last year contain a lot of luck in addition to skill? They allowed an MLB-low .255 batting average on balls in play (BABIP), 27 points lower than any other team.craigjedwards: Luck on the pitcher’s part? Yes, but that luck comes in the form of a fantastic defense. That is luck for the pitchers, not luck for the Cubs. That said, their BABIP is going to go up, since even guys who showed no prior ability to suppress contact did so last season. But even if they aren’t quite as good, it is reasonable to expect a low BABIP again because of that defense.neil: Another note on that pitching staff is that they were the oldest in the majors last year. And yet, only two other teams have relied on their starting rotation for more innings over the past two seasons than Chicago has. Is that a red flag? Or does it even matter?natesilver: Pitcher aging is weird. It’s kind of like: you’re good, until you’re suddenly not.craigjedwards: John Lackey is probably the most worrisome, because he is getting to an age where he could all of a sudden be finished.natesilver: I think the question is what sort of reinforcements they could bring in if Lackey turned into a pumpkin, for instance.craigjedwards: Jon Lester has also defied the aging curve over the past two seasons, and his velocity is down this spring, so that is a concern as well. Plus, it will be interesting to see how Willson Contreras plays out defensively at catcher, as he’ll be replacing David Ross as Lester’s personal catcher.natesilver: But let’s keep in mind that the Cubs are not only smart, but rich — so they’re a good candidate to bring a pitcher in at the trade deadline if they need one.craigjedwards: Chicago’s minor league system isn’t as deep as it was, since its young stars are already in the majors (or were traded last year), but there are a few high-end prospects they could move if they needed to.neil: I might also be grasping to find holes in the Cubs just to have something to debate. This staff could probably lose half its value from last year and they’d still win 90+ games.Chicago also seemed to effectively plug the roster holes that opened over the offseason: Lose Dexter Fowler? Here’s Jon Jay. Lose Aroldis Chapman? Here’s Wade Davis. Cut Jason Hammel loose? Here’s Brett Anderson. Like Nate said, they’re getting Schwarber back, too. And I guess it would be hard for Heyward to be worse.craigjedwards: Heyward has to be better than he was last season. Even if he never hits like he did before he got to the Cubs, an average-hitting Heyward with his defense and baserunning is a four-win player.natesilver: But we’re talking about a very high bar that the Cubs will have to clear to keep pace with their performance from last year. It’s incredibly hard to win 100+ games two years in a row these days. The last team to do it was St. Louis in 2004 and 2005.neil: Although maybe the craziest thing there is that, by Pythagoras, the Cubs “should” have won 107 games last year. They underachieved to 103 wins!Even 95 wins this year will probably be enough to take the division, though. Especially if the projections (see above) are to be believed.But I also think those projections are pretty shocking. They have Pittsburgh second?!? I was tempted to think that the Pirates’ 2013-15 mini-run basically ended with the 78 wins they posted in 2016.craigjedwards: Pittsburgh has put itself in a difficult position, trying to contend with a low payroll. Most teams at that end of the financial spectrum — like Milwaukee and Cincinnati, to keep it in the NL Central — can get a few good years in before having to do at least a minor rebuild, but the Pirates are still really close to contending for the next few seasons.neil: What went wrong last season?craigjedwards: Gerrit Cole wasn’t himself, Juan Nicasio didn’t work out as the Pirates’ annual reclamation project and Ivan Nova didn’t arrive until too late in the season. Yet they still weren’t that far off from contending last year, despite a really mediocre season from their best player, Andrew McCutchen.natesilver: The projection systems are all frustratingly non-committal on McCutchen, projecting him to bounce about halfway back instead of either the full recovery or the full collapse. Which undoubtedly makes sense if you average him over a whole range of scenarios. But it seems like there has to be a wide distribution of possibilities there, and that’s very much going to affect the Pirates’ fortunes.neil: Yeah, maybe no team’s season is hinging more on one player’s projection being in the high range rather than the low.craigjedwards: He’s also making the transition to an outfield corner, which is generally not good for a player’s value. But if you are just looking at last year’s defensive numbers (which generally isn’t big enough an indicator of a player’s ability), he’s going to get better just because he isn’t really one of the worst outfielders in baseball.natesilver: I get worried when the indicators for a guy’s athleticism are down. McCutchen doesn’t steal many bags any more. He grounded into a lot of double plays. He’s overmatched in center field, according to the advanced metrics.neil: And the list of McCutchen-like players from history is no help. Some were good after age 30 (Reggie Smith, Andre Dawson); others were already in decline (Vernon Wells, Matt Kemp).The other half of that tandem fighting for second place is the St. Louis Cardinals, who are slated for only 81 or 82 wins if you believe the projections above. Do we buy these third-place projections for St. Louis? Or are they discounting the Cards? (Who still won 86 games last year, with 88 Pythagorean wins.)craigjedwards: The projections for Pittsburgh are all bunched together around 82 wins, while the Cardinals have a couple 84s and a 78 from PECOTA (which keeps their average down). Most of the projections that have the Cardinals higher believe in their pitching and maybe a slight uptick on defense, while PECOTA doesn’t believe in either of those things.natesilver: It’s been a while since I tracked the performance of the different projection systems religiously, but the Cardinals were a team that had a long track record of beating their projections. Maybe it’s because they always tend to be good at player development and have guys play up to their 60th- or 70th-percentile numbers.neil: One area where it seems like there might be a lot of uncertainty is in the pitching, like you mentioned Craig, since their rotation was down from 2015’s fantastic performance. What was different last year, and will they be able to recapture that 2015 form this season?craigjedwards: The blame has mostly gone to the defense, and the Cardinals were pretty bad last year. But they also lost Lance Lynn and John Lackey from the rotation, and Michael Wacha and Adam Wainwright weren’t their usual pitching selves.neil: They’ve also done a lot of roster reshuffling and added Dexter Fowler (granting that his fielding metrics are sometimes mixed). Will all that help fix the defense? Or is that just wishful thinking?craigjedwards: I think Fowler will make the defense better. Randal Grichuk moves from center to left, where, defensively, he’s a big upgrade on Matt Holliday and Brandon Moss. So even if Fowler is a bit below-average for a center fielder on defense, it will still make the outfield defense on the whole better than it was last season.They aren’t going to be great on defense, they just need to not be really bad.neil: Final Q on the Cards: Craig wrote last season that Mike Matheny should be fired. Is he keeping this team from reaching its full potential? Or isn’t there research showing that managers don’t really matter very much?craigjedwards: I think tactically, there isn’t a whole lot of difference between good and bad managers, though I’m not sure too many people really defend Matheny’s bullpen management or in-game decisions.natesilver: And isn’t it plausible that managers matter more than they used to, given how bullpens are used these days? That’s an area where you might expect to see quite a bit of difference, especially in the NL, where you also have to account for pitchers hitting for themselves, etc.craigjedwards: Another problem with Matheny is what appears to be a disconnect with the front office. He’s had big problems playing younger players when they are given to him, to the point that trades had to be made. It would be one thing if he just made poor strategic decisions and relied on small samples to determine whether a player was hot or cold, but it is getting to the point where he also has trouble following through with the front office’s plans.This is going to be a big year for Matheny. He got a lot of credit for managing the Cardinals to the postseason, and he will get blame if they don’t make it. That’s not fair, but it doesn’t mean Matheny deserves to keep a job that was a complete gift to him in the first place.neil: Whichever team prevails between Pittsburgh and St. Louis, they and the Cubs are still far, far above the teams at the bottom of this division: the Brewers and Reds.Let’s start with Milwaukee. Over the past few years, the Brewers seem to be emulating the successful teardown/rebuild models seen recently in Chicago and Houston (and maybe Atlanta next). How’s that going for them?craigjedwards: Milwaukee is doing all the right things. They aren’t going to be able to completely mimic the Cubs — they can’t go out and sign big-name veterans like Jon Lester, Ben Zobrist, John Lackey and Jason Heyward — but they are on the right track. They got one of the top prospects in baseball (Lewis Brinson) from the Rangers in the Jonathan Lucroy trade, picked up another one (Corey Ray) from the draft, and they have a handful of pitchers with potential.neil: So what’s the next step if you’re trying that type of rebuilding effort, but without the Cubs’ resources?craigjedwards: Well, the Brewers are carrying half the payroll they had when they were contending, so they have to play younger guys with potential or trade value (Jonathan Villar, Orlando Arcia, Domingo Santana and Keon Broxton) and deal away relievers whenever they seem to have value. The fans in Milwaukee still support the team, and they will do very well if they can get a winner there. The Ryan Braun question looms, and it’s going to be hard to contend with the Cubs, Pirates and Cardinals in the same division. But they’re making progress.neil: Meanwhile, the Reds are kind of a mess. They had one of the worst pitching staffs ever last year — particularly in the bullpen.natesilver: I’ve become slightly obsessed with modern bullpens, and it’s actually sort of hard/amazing to have a bullpen as bad as Cincy’s in an era where you can take a failed No. 4 starter and turn him into a 2.50 ERA / 10.0 K/9 guy.neil: The Reds have also traded away a lot of veterans in recent years — Todd Frazier, Aroldis Chapman, Jay Bruce, etc. — yet still only have the 13th-best farm system in MLB. Should they have gotten more in return prospect-wise? Also, when will Joey Votto join that group? Can they realistically get fair value for him?natesilver: Votto is sort of the Carmelo Anthony of MLB.neil: Although I will say, the Reds have won a championship in my lifetime, unlike the Knicks.natesilver: The Reds ranked 22nd in WAR last year among players acquired through the draft, which isn’t going to cut it in a small market. So I wonder if there isn’t some longer-term work to do on scouting and development.craigjedwards: I think for a small-market team to succeed, one of the biggest factors is starting pitching because it is so hard to acquire, either in terms of cost in free agency or in trades. Having a cost-effective rotation — like we saw with Cleveland last year and the Mets the year before, or even going all the way back to Oakland’s Moneyball days — can make a big difference for a team trying to push itself into contention.natesilver: Just to bring it back to the Cubs, the thing to remember is that even if you had a team with 103-win talent — and the Cubs probably aren’t *quite* there — they’d still only have something like a 15 percent to 20 percent chance to win the World Series, given how random the playoffs can be. So if we’re thinking in terms of dynasties, there’s a question of how we’d measure one. It’s likely to be a *long* time before we see another team run off three World Series in a row, or four in five years, even if they’re the best team in baseball the whole time.neil: That’s a great point. As terrific as the Cubs are, baseball is a lot more chaotic than, say, basketball. So compared with, say, NBA teams against the Warriors, other MLB teams have a much better chance as they target the Cubs. And that also means the Pirates and Cardinals — if not the Brewers and Reds — have plenty of reasons for hope this season. RANKTEAMPECOTAFANGRAPHSDAVENPORTWESTGATEAVERAGE 3St. Louis Cardinals7884808481.4 EXPECTED NUMBER OF WINS 4Milwaukee Brewers7770737072.4 1Chicago Cubs9395959794.9 In honor of the 2017 Major League Baseball season, which starts April 2, FiveThirtyEight is assembling some of our favorite baseball writers to chat about what’s ahead. Today, we focus on the National League Central with FanGraphs writer Craig Edwards and FiveThirtyEight editor-in-chief Nate Silver. The transcript below has been edited. 2Pittsburgh Pirates8182838382.1 How forecasters view the NL Central
Recommended for you Cruise figures forecast to drop, says Tourism Director Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Minister of Works puts government buildings reconstruction post hurricanes at $8.6m RBC Team off to Grand Turk with EZ Pay Related Items:dema, emergency, grand turk, katherine hart, national park Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 16 Feb 2016 – Climate change is affecting coastal conditions in Grand Turk so severely that the Department of Environment and Maritime Affairs, DEMA is permitting some extra-ordinary measures to save personal property. A notice came late yesterday saying there continues to be severe erosion along the coast and that it is causing concern for beach front property owners in the Capital. The situation is so bad that DEMA is labeling the work to be done as an emergency and is allowing heavy machinery to maneuver within the National Park in order to preserve residents’ properties. Katherine Hart, Environmental Officer said: “The primary problem is erosion of the beach in the National Park which, so far, has been impacting roads…” High swells and wave action is behind this exceptional permission and drastic action.
Maj. Gen. Bradley Spacy on Friday took command of the Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center (AFIMSC), the agency responsible for consolidating installation management functions across the service.Spacy replaces Maj. Gen. Theresa Carter, who is retiring after 31 years of service. Carter had led the center since it was formally established in April 2015. Spacy joined the organization last July as its director of expeditionary support, reported AFIMSC Public Affairs.At the ceremony, Gen. Ellen Pawlikowski, commander of Air Force Materiel Command, said she is confident in Spacy’s leadership to further develop the AFIMSC’s capability because he’s spent his entire career providing combat support.“I know you have the right background and I’m looking forward to continuing to work with this team to support our Air Force in providing agile combat support,” Pawlikowski said. “Under your leadership, I know you’ll make this organization even better.”In less than a year’s time, the AFIMSC team has demonstrated it can provide full-spectrum, enterprise-wide, integrated combat support, Spacy said.“But the real work is just starting,” he added. “We’ve got to take this to the next level and the next level to create capability … and help change the way we fight the war to keep America safe.“I know we can do it. It’s going to take hard work. Lisa and I will be there with you every step of the way … and it’s going to be a lot of fun,” Spacy concluded.AFIMSC supports 77 Air Force installations, nine major commands and two direct reporting units with an annual budget of $10 billion. The center integrates and executes more than 150 mission capabilities in the areas of civil engineering, base communications, ministry programs, financial management, logistics readiness, operational acquisition, security forces, and airmen and family services. The organization is a unit of Air Force Materiel Command. Dan Cohen AUTHOR
Experiment reverses the direction of heat flow Citation: Entanglement without Classical Correlations (2008, August 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-08-entanglement-classical.html Quantum mechanics is full of counterintuitive concepts. The idea of entanglement – when two or more particles instantaneously exhibit dependent characteristics when measured, no matter how far apart they are – is one of them. Now, physicists have discovered another counterintuitive result that deals with the line between the quantum and classical worlds. Explore further Normally, when two or more particles are entangled (and seem to communicate with each other instantaneously), they not only share quantum correlations, but also classical correlations. Although physicists don’t have an exact definition for classical correlations, the term generally refers to local correlations, where information does not have to travel faster than the speed of light. So if entangled particles demonstrate correlations across large distances, you might assume that they will also have correlations across shorter distances. After all, if entangled particles can communicate at faster-than-light speeds, they should be able to communicate at slower-than-light speeds.But a team of physicists from the National University of Singapore, Mediterranean Technology Park in Barcelona, the University of Leeds, and the University of Bristol has demonstrated something different. They’ve theoretically shown that any odd number (greater than one) of entangled particles can exist without classical correlations. They explain this paradox in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.“One way of seeing this is as follows,” Vlatko Vedral, Professor of Quantum Information Science at the University of Leeds, told PhysOrg.com. “Entanglement means being correlated as far as many different measurements are concerned. Classical correlations mean being correlated as far as one particular measurement is concerned. That is why researchers usually think that when there is entanglement, there are also classical correlations. However, our paper shows that you have to be careful about making this inference.”As Vedral explained, generally when physicists measure entanglement, their measurements destroy the quantum correlations first, and then the classical correlations. “Entanglement represents excess of correlations, over and above classical ones. In other words, whatever cannot be accounted for locally is due to quantum entanglement. When you make local measurements on entangled particles, then you will invariably be destroying their correlations (both classical and quantum). Since quantum is in excess of classical, it is possible that you can first get rid of entanglement, but are still left with some classical correlations.” But to do the opposite of this – to get rid of the classical correlations and have only quantum correlations – is more difficult to comprehend.“Imagine that I tell you that I am a billionaire,” Vedral said as an example. “You would then infer that I certainly have 100 million somewhere in my assets. You would be very surprised, indeed, if I told you that this was not true and that I am actually not also a millionaire. You can’t have more, without have less as well (by definition).”This is not the first time that physicists have demonstrated entanglement without classical correlations. In 2006, Toth and Acin found an example of a three-qubit system that also shows this phenomenon. This three-qubit example has already been observed in the laboratory, and the physicists hope that their new example with any odd number of qubits can also be observed. They also expect that even numbers of qubits should exhibit the same effect, but do not yet have an example.“The key is that we are using one particular definition of classical correlations, which is in fact the main one used in the solid state physics (and is used to mark phase transitions among other things),” Vedral said. “This is based on average values of a set of observables and the key is that this set is not complete. However, when it comes to two particles (and two point correlations is what all solid state experiments are about) then you cannot have the situation that we found with three and more particles. Namely, if classical correlations vanish for two qubits, then so do the quantum ones.”The paradox that quantum correlations can exist without accompanying classical correlations could have some thought-provoking consequences. For instance, physicists often use a test of Bell inequalities to determine if local realism has been violated and that quantum correlations have occurred. But since Bell inequalities are based on classical correlations, the test doesn’t work for this example. This leads to the need for a new way to detect quantum correlations, based on different concepts.The study may also affect how physicists view the boundary between the classical and quantum worlds – a question at the foundation of physics. With this demonstration of the existence of a state that has quantum correlations without classical correlations, the physicists suggest that local realism might be used as the criteria to characterize the classical world.The result could also have practical applications – for instance, as a possible method for detecting phase transitions. Using quantum correlations only (instead of both quantum and classical) for detecting phase transitions could provide a more universal measurement than conventional methods.More information: Kaszlikowski, Dagomir; Sen(De), Aditi; Sen, Ujjwal; Vedral, Vlatko; and Winter, Andreas. “Quantum Correlations without Classical Correlations. Physical Review Letters 101, 070502 (2008).Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.