Lionel Messi has disassociated himself from the Ronaldinho’s fake passport saga as he denied he will fork out £3.25million to help the former football icon get out of prison. Ronaldinho in Paraguay According to The Sun of Uj, the Brazilian World Cup winner, 39, was arrested just over a week ago after allegedly entering Paraguay with a fake passport. Ronaldinho has been warned that he could face up to six months in jail for using the alleged dodgy documents. And there were claims Messi plans to help his old Barcelona team-mate by hiring four top lawyers to take on his case. It was reported that it would cost the Argentine ace up to £3.25million in legal fees. However, according to Catalan publication Sport, Messi’s advisors have insisted that, while the Argentine superstar sympathises with Ronaldinho’s situation, he will NOT be helping financially. Brazil legend Ronaldinho has lost a new appeal against his remand in prison. The former Barcelona and AC Millan star was told late on Friday his fresh bid to be allowed out of jail and placed under house arrest had been rejected. Paraguay’s Appeal Court said the former footballer posed a “medium to high” flight risk if his prison situation was modified. His brother Roberto, who is being held in the same cell in a jail on the outskirts of the Paraguayan capital Asuncion, also had his appeal rejected. The decision makes it more likely the pair will have to sit out the next six months behind bars. Ronaldinho’s lawyers were offering a property bond as their get-out-of-jail card. More than a dozen other people have now been placed under formal investigation over the passport scandal Ronaldinho and his brother have been caught up in. The list includes the Brazilian businessman alleged to have handed them their passports and two women believed to be the rightful owners of the travel documents. Police were first called to Ronaldinho’s luxury hotel two days before his March 6 arrest after a tip-off he had entered the country hours earlier to attend a charity launch and present his new book with a Paraguayan passport which stated he was a naturalised citizen. Prosecutors have said the passport was requested by a woman before its contents were doctored to include Ronaldinho’s photo and full name – Ronaldo de Assis Moreira. His brother had a similar passport. Loading… Promoted Content8 Ways Drones Are Going To Change Our LivesThese Hilariously Creative Shower Curtains Will Make Your DayWho’s The Best Car Manufacturer Of All Time?Birds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them11 Most Immersive Game To Play On Your Table Top10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest Pocket14 Hilarious Comics Made By Women You Need To Follow Right Now12 Celebrities Who Almost Ruined Their Careers With One Movie6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually TrueWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth? The former footballer was initially offered the chance of an escape from trial and a fine before a U-turn by prosecutors led to him being arrested in dramatic fashion last Friday at the Sheraton Hotel and hauled to court in handcuffs the following day. An expert in financial crimes has now been drafted into the remodelled prosecution team leading the investigation after its scope was widened to look at possible money laundering. Ronaldinho and his brother are claiming they were tricked. His Paraguayan lawyer Adolfo Marin has said the former footballer had been given his Paraguayan passport as a “gift”. He allegedly assumed it was an “honorary-type” document of no real value, and gave it to an official without thinking when he reached Paraguay because it was the “first thing he got out of his bag.” Last weekend the lawyer branded Ronaldinho “stupid”, saying he hadn’t understand he had been given false documents to enter Paraguay. Ronaldinho’s life has been under the microscope for all the wrong reasons since he won two Fifa World Player of the Year Awards as well as a Ballon d’Or at the peak of his playing career. He officially retired from football in 2018 – which is the same year he was forced to deny bigamy claims. He had his Brazilian passport confiscated after he was convicted alongside his brother of building an illegal fishing platform on a lake in a conservation area. But Paraguayan prosecutors confirmed last week they had discovered it had been returned to him and he used it to leave Brazil on a flight from Sao Paulo. The revelation has left a huge question mark over why Ronaldinho did not use the same passport when he entered Paraguay, with his lawyer’s comments about it being the “first thing” he laid his hands on being greeted with a mixture of derision and disbelief. Last year it was reported the ex-Paris Saint-Germain only had £5 in his bank account. Police raided Ronaldinho’s family home to seize assets in a bid to guarantee he paid fines due over the illegal fishing platform. Officers were said last November to have seized three luxury cars and a piece of art from painter Andre Berardo. Ronaldinho’s brother was sentenced to five years in jail in 2012 in Brazil for money laundering and other financial crimes. Read Also:Ronaldinho to be rewarded with 16kg pig in prison football tourney Reports at the time said Roberto de Assis had been accused of lying to Brazilian tax authorities to justify the entry into his homeland of money held in secret accounts in Switzerland. Ronaldinho has kept himself busy behind bars by playing in the prison futsal tournament – and he scored five goals. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Lamar Liming – Trumbull/ Mahoning CountyWe probably had about 4 inches last week and we are too wet again. We got the heat too. It was terrible. North of me about 25 miles they got 6 inches of rain around Kinsman in northern Trumbull County Saturday morning. It washed roads out. It was unbelievable.Today is nice, about 65 degrees here now, but by the end of the week it is supposed to be right back up to 88 here. The humidity is just terrible. I’m surprised how the cows kept going really. It dinged production some but not like I thought. I don’t know how they hung in like they did in that heat.We got some straw made. Wheat straw quality was good. We got the second crop hay made too. The second cutting was not anything special, about average. It was definitely better than the first cutting but the yield was not there. Tons were below normal. I think it will take another year to get those tons back and get this hay crop going. We dried out there and that helped, but the ground is getting wet again.We have not seen disease issues yet. I have never sprayed fungicides. The last few years I have been hearing about some fungicides sprayed around here.The corn silage is still a long ways off. We are just starting to see some tasseling. If we get more extreme heat it will speed the process up for the silage though. I can’t believe how bad these fields looked at the end of June and how much better they are now. They really evened out, but are still uneven across the board.Weed control has been alright so far, but I haven’t sprayed my later planted beans yet. The corn has excellent weed control. Hopefully we can get those later beans sprayed this week or we will have some problems with weed pressure.Nathan Brown — Highland CountyThe heat has brought things on. It is looking a lot better. We got all of our beans post- sprayed. We are getting ready to start on some fungicide applications on soybeans tomorrow. Probably the first part of next week we will be looking at fungicides on corn too. Crop development has really progressed with the heat we’ve had the last week. Several of our first-planted corn fields are starting to tassel right now. We were not in full tassel during the heat so I hope going into the cooler weather this week will be good for pollination for this corn crop. Late last week we had over an inch of rain and we had about a half-inch last night so things are looking pretty decent moisture wise for right now.On the wheat ground we are waiting for the weeds to green up and we’ll do a burndown today. We are then hoping to plant the cover crops on that ground this week. We are hoping to do some soil health building this year to prepare for next year’s corn crop.The corn is maturing but it is still very uneven. The soybeans are thin and there is still a lot of uncertainty about what this crop will make. The markets do not seem to be reflecting how poor this crop is around the countryside and guys are still nervous about how this will play out.We are definitely seeing some frogeye in the soybeans with these warm temperatures. I looked out last week and saw a little southern rust in the corn. We are seeing some gray leaf spot and northern corn leaf blight in places too. With the year we’ve had, every disease imaginable could be out there in these fields. We have some frogeye resistant varieties so we may not spray all of our soybean acres. We are going to spray our early maturities that are more susceptible. The corn is variety specific, but with the year we’ve had I think we’ll spray the majority of our corn acres with fungicide too.Andrew Armstrong — Clark CountyEverything is progressing in a positive direction. We got some rain yesterday and we got the heat and humidity. The corn is loving it and we are finally seeing beans taking off.We definitely needed yesterday’s rain. It was one of the first widespread rains that hit every farm of ours. The last couple of weeks we’d had some pop-up showers that came pretty fast and didn’t really soak in, but kept everything going. This last rain was a really good one. It was a couple of showers here and there and it had time to really soak into the ground and do something.We haven’t had too much disease pressure, but we are seeing a tremendous amount of weed pressure in some of our lower river-bottom soybean ground. We have waterhemp rearing its ugly head. We have been over some bean fields at least three times trying to do what we can with different mixtures to try and kill it before it is too bad. It is not out of hand, but we don’t want it to get out of hand so we are spending some extra time to get that taken care of.I’m pretty sure it came in from all of the water we got. Most of the areas are where the rivers and creeks flooded and the seed has come from up river. Most of it is Roundup resistant so we have to try some other things. We are also dealing with some marestail. It looks like we fry them at first. They struggle for a bit and then they come right out of it. We are trying to get those marestail plants taken care of before canopy.We were bushhogging some CRP ground and found a swarm of beetles. At first they looked like stink bugs, but they are not. We checked on the threshold and we are Ok right now but we have been watching the insects too.All of the corn around here is at least shoulder high now. There have been some guys trying to sidedress with hi-boys for some late N and there is a lot of crop dusting going on too.Dylan Baer — Wood CountyWe got our wheat off last week and finished just ahead of a 3-inch rainfall over a couple of days. I ended up being rained out most of the hot days of baling, which I was OK with. We were pretty dry before that rain came and that rain really set us up. The corn has been dark green and growing fast and last night we got another 1.2 inches, which is holding up the baling.It actually did the little bit of crop we have in the field a lot of good. The crops actually look pretty good. If it was the end of June instead of the end of July we’d be right on track for some good crops, but we are still a month behind.The hay was below average quality and amount for the first cutting. There was too much alfalfa missing and too many weeds. People like to buy bales of hay not bales of weeds. Everything is coming back pretty well and I have been selling it. People are buying whatever they can find. I had an ad up online for 24 hours and everything I was selling was gone. So it is worth something. I think the second cutting will be higher quality for sure. Tons might still be down but it does look like the alfalfa is taking over again.The last several years we have been privileged to have some pretty decent yields. We saw 65 to 90 bushels so it is below what we’ve had but we still feel good about that and we were thankful to have it off before sprouting started to set in. We were pretty happy with Prosaro keeping the wheat healthy all the way through.Weed control has been a real battle. The prevented planting acres have nothing growing but weeds. While we were baling we were trying to spray in the morning and bale in the afternoon. Now that the wheat is off we’ll get busy applying manure to wheat ground and planting cover crops on the prevented planting ground. There is no shortage of work around here. Even our bean fields we got planted are not canopied yet and the weed pressure is a real battle now.
Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#start#startups Of twelve competing startups selected to present at Twiistup 6 in Los Angeles, only one would go home with the prestigious trophy, which was, to adhere to strictest journalistic standards of truth-telling and integrity, constructed entirely of Legos.The victor in this contest was not the charming underdog, BakeSpace, nor was it the geek-chic rockstar, JamLegend. It was the sensible, freemium enterprise software, ExpenseBay. While talk of expense reports and business travel might strike technophiles as Office Space-esque unsexiness, the Twiistup judges saw a monetizable solution to a very real problem and rewarded its team accordingly. Watch the interview below to learn more about EnterpriseBay’s experience and story. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… jolie odell
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Last year, Google CEO Larry Page vanished from public view for several months, passing up major opportunities to speak to Wall Street, developers and the public (including last year’s big I/O conference). Now we know why.In a Google+ blog post on Tuesday, Page explained that he’s long dealt with a partial paralysis of his left vocal cord — and that last summer, following a cold, he began to experience paralysis of his right cord as well. In neither case did doctors identify a cause, although they did diagnose Page with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an inflammatory autoimmune condition of the thyroid gland, back in 2003.Page says he’s recovered to the point that he can “do all I need to do as CEO,” although Bloomberg Businessweek reports that Page uses a microphone to speak, even to small staff meetings of a dozen people. Tags:#Google#Larry Page#now 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… readwrite Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting
If the data you are using to fuel your AI driven initiatives ticks off each one of these R’s, then you are off to the right start. All five of these hold a particular importance, but relevancy rises above the rest. Whatever data you have should be relevant to what you do, and should serve as a guide and not as a deterrent.We might reach a point where the large influx of data we have at our fingertips is too overwhelming for us to realize what elements of it are really useful vs what is disposable. This is where the concept of data readiness enters the fold. Having mountains of historical data can be helpful for extracting patterns and forecasting cyclical behavior or re-engineering processes that lead to undesirable outcomes. However, as businesses continue to advance toward the increase use of real-time engines and applications, the importance of data readiness—or information that is the most readily or recently made available—takes on greater importance. The data that you apply should be recent and should have figures that replicate reality.AI Use Cases: A look at HealthcareWhen asked for the best examples of the use of AI at work today, Nick said he considered the use of AI in healthcare as a shining example of both what has be achieved using AI to-date and what more companies can do with this technology. More specifically, Nick said:“Today, healthcare professionals are using AI technology to determine the chances of a heart attack in an individual, or predict cardiac diseases. AI is now ready to assist doctors and help them diagnose patients in ways they were unable to do before.”Our understanding or interpretation of what the AI algorithms produce dictates the use of AI in healthcare. This is true regardless of its current accolades. Thus, if an AI system comes up with new insights that seem ‘foreign’ to our current understanding, it’s often difficult for the end-user to ‘trust’ that analysis. According to Nick, the only way society can truly trust and comprehend the results delivered by AI algorithms is if we know that at the very core of those analyses is quality data.Quality-Driven DataNicholas Piette added that ensure data quality is an absolutely necessary prerequisite for all companies looking to implement AI. He said the following words in this regard:“100% of AI projects are subject to fail if there are no solid efforts beforehand to improve the quality of the data being used to fuel the applications. Making no effort to ensure the data you are using, is absolutely accurate and trusted—in my opinion—is indicative of unclear objectives regarding what AI is expected to answer or do. I understand it can be difficult to acknowledge, but if data quality mandates aren’t addressed up front, by the time the mistake is realized, a lot of damage has already been done. So make sure it’s forefront.”Nick also pointed out that hearing they have a data problem is not easy for organizations to digest. Adding a light touch of humor, he said “Telling a company it has a data problem is like telling someone they have an ugly child.” But the only way to solve a problem is to first realize you have one and be willing to put in the time needed to fix it.First Step is RecognitionReferring to the inability of the companies to realize that they have a problem, Nicholas pointed out that more than half of the companies that he has worked with did not believe that they have a data problem until the problem was pointed out. Once pointed out, they had the AHA! Moment.Nick Piette further voiced his opinion that it would be great if AI could, in the future, exactly tell how it reached an answer and the computations that went into reaching that conclusion. Until that happens, data quality and AI run parallel. Success in AI will only come from the accuracy of data inputted. “If you want to be successful, you have to spend more time working on the data and less time working on the AI.”Nicholas Piette (Talend)If you want to learn more about the concept of data quality you can click here.About the AuthorRonald van Loon is an Advisory Board Member and Big Data & Analytics course advisor for Simplilearn. He contributes his expertise towards the rapid growth of Simplilearn’s popular Big Data & Analytics category.If you would like to read more from Ronald van Loon on the possibilities of Big Data and the Internet of Things (IoT), please click “Follow” and connect on LinkedIn and Twitter. AI: How it’s Impacting Surveillance Data Storage Tags:#AI#ai training#artificial intelligence#data quality#enterprise#featured#Healthcare Ronald van Loon A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… There’s no doubt that AI has usurped big data as the enterprise technology industry’s favorite new buzzword. After all, it’s on Gartner’s 2017 Hype Cycle for emerging technologies, for a reason.While progress was slow during the first few decades, AI advancement has rapidly accelerated during the last decade. Some people say AI will augment humans and maybe even make us immortal; other pessimistic individuals say AI will lead to conflict and may even automate our society out of jobs. Despite the differences in opinion, the fact is, only a few people can identify what AI really is. Today, we are surrounded by minute forms of AI, like the voice assistants that we all hold in our smart phones, without us knowing or perceiving the efficiency of the service. From Siri to self-driving cars, a lot of promise has already been shown by AI and the benefits it can bring to our economy, personal lives and society at large.The question now turns to how enterprises will benefit from AI. But, before companies or people can obtain the numerous improvements AI promises to deliver, they must first start with good quality, clean data. The success of AI relies on accurate, cleansed and verified data.Data Quality and Intelligence Must Go Hand-in-HandOrganizations currently use data to extract numerous informational assets that assist with strategic planning. The strategic plans dictate the future of the organization and how it fairs within the rising competition. Considering the importance of data, the potential impact caused by low quality information is indeed intimidating to think of. In fact, bad data costs the US about 3 trillion per year.Recently, I had the opportunity to interview Nicholas Piette and Jean-Michel Francofrom Talend, which is one of the leading big data and cloud integration company. Nicholas Piette, who is the Chief Evangelist at Talend, has been working with integration companies for nine years now and has been part of Talend for over a year.When asked about the link between both Data Quality and Artificial Intelligence, Nick Piette responded with authority that you cannot do one without the other. Both data quality and AI walk hand-in-hand, and it’s imperative for data quality to be present for AI to be not only accurate, but impactful.The Five R’sTo better understand the concept of data quality and how impacts AI, Nick used the five R’s method. He mentioned he learned this method from David Shrier, his professor in MIT. The five R’s mentioned by Nicholas include:RelevancyRecencyRangeRobustnessReliability How Myia Health’s Partnership with Mercy Virtua… Related Posts China and America want the AI Prize Title: Who …
It’s no secret that, just like we do, our supporters get a lot of emails each day. On average, individuals receive over a hundred messages per day, each one clamoring for their attention and competing with your fundraising appeal, nonprofit newsletter or member update. The inbox is a crowded place, so how do you stand out and ensure that your emails are being opened? Photo Source: Big Stock PhotoHere are seven quick tips for better subject lines:1. Test.Before you send out an email to a large portion of your audience, test two different subject lines with a smaller subset of your list. Make this part of your normal process, so you get smarter every time.2. Personalize. Use something personally relevant to the reader to grab their attention.3. Be interesting.Make your subject line oddly short, long or different. Above all, make it interesting, so people open the message in the first place.4. Make it fresh.Don’t say “update” or “news” each time. Instead, just focus on what’s actually new!5. Keep it brief.Subject lines often get cut off in many email programs, put key information right up front.6. Instill urgency.Make it clear why your email matters now—”three days left to give.”7. Banish spam-ness.Run your copy and subject line through a content-checker, avoid all caps and shun exclamation points. The Email Sender and Provider Coalition notes that 69% of subscribers base their decision to send your message to the spam folder on the subject line.If I had to choose just one of these to convey, I concentrate on #3. My best advice for building a following is to create wonderful content and reflect it in the subject line. People open the emails they know will contain something of value. Provide that value. The rest will follow! Adapted from http://nonprofitmarketingblog.com/
2. The “Me Me Me”Some causes suffer from nonprofit narcissism. They mean well, but their messages are devoid of one key ingredient: the donor. People who support your work also want to feel like part of your team.How to avoid: Instead of talking only about the work you’re doing, reframe your communications to underscore how the donor is making your work possible. Use the word “you” more than “we”, and highlight the work of individual donors and volunteers to bring these stories to life. According to the Association of Fundraising Professionals’ Fundraising Effectiveness Survey Report, 105% of donors gained by nonprofits were offset by lapsed donors. Let that sink in for a minute: for every 100 new donors that came through the door, 105 walked out. Not exactly the growth most nonprofits are looking for.One of the best ways to improve your donor churn rate is to improve your donor communications.Here are six of the worst donor communication mistakes, and some tips for how to avoid them:1. The “One and Done”Sadly for some donors, the only “communication” they receive from the nonprofits they support is a donation receipt. Others may receive a nice thank you letter, but not much else.How to avoid: Plan a series of ongoing communications with your donors. In addition to your nonprofit newsletter, provide quarterly updates for donors on the impact of their gifts, and show what goes on behind the scenes to make it happen. Create an editorial calendar and include your donor outreach as one key component to track. 3. The “Broken Record”All too often, I see organizations sharing the same updates over and over. This is great … if you want to bore your donors. Unless you’re sharing success story after success story, your donors may wonder if you’re doing anything new or making any progress.How to avoid: This is another way an editorial calendar can help you improve your donor communications. Create a list of stories, events, announcements, and seasonal topics that are relevant to your cause—and your donors—then, plot them out on your calendar to incorporate variety in your newsletters, impact updates, and social media outreach. Stuck for ideas? Ask your donors, volunteers, and beneficiaries for their input. They have a different perspective than you and probably have some fresh suggestions. Another option: tap your board to share a short update or quote for you to use in your next message. 4. The “Word Vomit”Are you guilty of sharing too much information? When it comes to your donor outreach, is “verbose” an understatement? If your messages feel like solid walls of text, your supporters are less likely to bother reading them—and may feel like you don’t respect their time.How to avoid: In most cases, people scan more than they read. This means that short, skimmable text works best, especially online. Use a “tease and link” strategy in your emails if you have longer stories to share. To make your messages even more readable, cut any acronyms, jargon, or insider language that will leave donors scratching their heads. 6. The “Show Me the Money”You know that relative who never calls—except when he needs something from you? Don’t be that guy. When donors only hear from you when you have an appeal, they may start to wonder what happened to the money they already gave you.How to avoid: Implement a “share vs. ask ratio” in your organization’s communication. Plan to send a certain number of cultivation or update messages for every time you send an appeal.(For more donor stewardship ideas, try our checklist.)‘Fess up: are you guilty of any of these mistakes? What would you add to the list? Which communication missteps bug you the most? Share your thoughts in the comments below. 5. The “Disconnected”Do you ever feel like you’re talking, but no one seems to be listening? Most often, this is because you’re not communicating in a way that reflects what your donor wants to hear. This often happens when organizations aren’t in sync with why their donors give.How to avoid: Talk to your donors to understand why they care about your issue and what prompted them to give. Ask for feedback on your communications and let your donors have a say in how they hear from you. Try segmenting your donors by how they came to your organization, their level of giving, or by the specific programs they support. Then, communicate with them based on these parameters to make your message more relevant.
There’s no question about it, the day after the online shopping frenzy of Cyber Monday is a great time to launch nonprofit fundraising campaigns for the holiday season. Here are five great reasons Network for Good is totally behind making it one of your key charity fundraising days.Giving Is Central to the Holiday Spirit – The holidays are a time when people of many cultures and faiths within our communities are called to be generous. Gift-giving is common and it’s even common to save money for this time of year. Shopping for holiday gifts is in full swing, and Black Friday and Cyber Monday bring it to a peak—getting downright ugly sometimes—and fundraising for a cause can be a powerful reminder of the spirit of the season.Share a Sense of Community – From the clanging of the bells outside the grocery, to sharp-dressed Marines collecting toys, we are reminded to make charitable donations wherever we go. But the thing that’s different around the holidays is that it makes us feel like part of something larger than ourselves. Giving generously during the holidays is one of the few traditions that is common to many diverse people in our culture. By associating your charity fundraising efforts with #GivingTuesday, you are connecting with all the other charitable organizations and good-spirited donors who are also participating.Online Fundraising Sites Make Giving as Easy as Shopping – It’s the time of year when everybody is spending money, and more and more are doing it online. It just makes sense to be one of the recipients of all the money that’s flowing through the virtual pipeline.Giving Days Are Fun – Aside from the above reasons to make this particular giving day a focus of your nonprofit fundraising, giving days are fun ways to raise money. They are a quick, 24-hour period, so you have to hit it hard and promote; but then you’re done. It’s a lot less work than putting on a dinner or other production!Bonuses! – Sometimes there are special features associated with an activity that make it especially beneficial, and there are a couple that come along with #GivingTuesday. For our part, Network for Good is offering $125,000 in matching funds to its clients for #GivingTuesday campaigns this year. Making your donations go further is always enticing, isn’t it?There’s also a little boost from Uncle Sam, since December is the last month of the year, and “last call” for charity donations to get tax breaks. A lot of money is going to be donated around this time of year, so take the opportunity to get your name out there in a fun way.To learn more about how Network for Good is joining the #GivingTuesday movement, visit our N4G Gives site, or call 1-888-284-7978 x1.
ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on June 6, 2012June 16, 2017Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)This post is part of a blog series on Malaria in Pregnancy. To view the entire series, click here. A couple of months ago, I had the chance to meet again with the members of the Plasmodium Vivax Infection in Pregnancy (PregVax) Consortium in Dehli, India– a country that contributes to nearly 80% of the malaria cases in Southeast Asia. P.vivax is the most common of human malaria species and causes up to 80 million cases annually with the majority occurring in Asia and the Western Pacific, Central and South America and the Middle East.The PregVax Consortium started back in 2008 to address the knowledge gaps in P. vivax infection in pregnancy. Approximately 25 million pregnant women exposed yearly to malaria live in areas where P. vivax is endemic. While the effects of P. falciparum malaria in pregnancy have been well characterised and are responsible for considerable maternal and infant morbidity and mortality, surprisingly little is known about the impact of P. vivax infection during gestation.The PregVax project is a cohort observational study of pregnant women from five P. vivax endemic countries (Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, India and Papua New Guinea) that represent most of the world’s P. vivax infections. It aims to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of P.vivax malaria in pregnancy. Compiling this information in a methodologically standardized way is essential to describe the impact of P. vivax malaria in pregnancy. In addition, the project has been working to determine whether there are pregnancy specific P. vivax immune responses and characterize genotypically and phenotypically the parasites of the placenta. In an unprecedented effort, almost 10,000 pregnant women have been enrolled at the different project sites during their routine antenatal care visits and followed-up at the health facility until delivery or end of pregnancy.More accurate data of vivax malaria during gestation are essential to improve its clinical management and to guide control policies. Furthermore, elucidating the mechanisms involved in the pathology of P. vivax in pregnancy will help to develop specific control tools such as more effective drugs and vaccines.Although P. falciparum is the most deadly species and the subject of most malaria-related research and literature, more attention should be given to P. vivax. Furthermore, understanding the mechanism involved in P. vivax malaria may also help to elucidate important gaps in the knowledge of P. facilparum infection in pregnancy.Coordinating the PregVax project is challenging because of the ambitious objectives and the large cohort size. In fact, this is the first study of this kind in this area. As we are reaching the final stages of the PregVax project, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the European Commission whose research program, 7th Framework Program, made Malaria in Pregnancy one of its priorities and our consortium partners together with our collaborators from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the University of Melbourne. I left Dehli with the sense that we are making progress as we gain insight on critical aspects of this issue. Results will soon be shared with the scientific community.P. vivax was usually considered to be the benign malaria. However, its infection often leads to severe disease–and quality of life and productivity are negatively affected. Absenteeism from work and school and the anaemia that this disease leads to hampers the development of endemic areas. The economic impact of P. vivax malaria mandates that more resources be allocated specifically to research on this parasite.I think I can speak for everyone at the PregVax Consortium when I say that we look forward to assisting in any way that we can to achieve this vision.Prof. Clara Menéndez leads the Maternal, Child and Reproductive Health Initiative at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health and is the PregVax Consortium Co-ordinator.Share this:
ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on June 27, 2013November 27, 2017By: Janet M. Turan, PhD, MPH, Associate Professor, Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, Maternal and Child Health Concentration, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at BirminghamClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Pregnant women living with HIV often experience stigma and discrimination in intimate relationships, families, communities, and health facilities. In a recent review of the literature from low-resource settings, our team found that HIV-related stigma and discrimination are significant contributors to the low uptake and utilization of PMTCT and maternal HIV treatment services in a multitude of settings. This evidence has led our team to advocate for the integration of stigma-reduction programming into maternal, neonatal, and child health services globally. Meanwhile, the maternal health community has developed the Respectful Maternity Care Charter in an effort to tackle disrespect and abuse of women seeking and receiving maternity care. This Charter includes the rights of all childbearing women to information, informed consent, choice, confidentiality, privacy, and freedom from discrimination. Women may be denied these rights because they are poor, because they belong to marginalized racial or ethnic groups, or because they are young or unmarried. These rights are also often denied to pregnant women living with HIV or those at high risk of HIV. It is time for the HIV and maternal health communities to work together to ensure that these rights are upheld for all childbearing women, with a focus on the special vulnerability of women living with HIV.Respectful Maternity Care interventions can include or adapt evidence-based stigma reduction tools and measures developed in the HIV field. HIV-related stigma reduction interventions that aim to improve outcomes for childbearing women and their families should take into account the wider context of maternity care, and address other types of non HIV-related disrespect and abuse experienced by women in seeking and receiving maternity care. A pilot project in Kenya suggests that introducing services for prevention of violence against women within antenatal care services (including stigma-reduction training for health workers) will have benefits for all pregnant women and can be especially important in settings where women may fear or experience partner or family violence related to HIV testing or HIV-positive status disclosure. I recently attended the Maternal Health, HIV, and AIDS meeting coordinated by the MHTF, USAID, and CDC and held in Boston, June 10-12, 2013. Meeting participants from the HIV and maternal health communities from around the globe agreed that working together to ensure respectful maternity care—including care free from stigma and discrimination for any reason—should be an important joint goal for both the HIV prevention and maternal health communities. This post is part of a blog series on maternal health, HIV, and AIDS. To view the entire series, click here.Visit the MHTF topic pages on Maternal Health, HIV and AIDS and Respectful Maternity Care for more on both of these topics.Share this: