‘One China’ policy In 1992, Taiwan and mainland China both pledged there is only “one China” but they agreed to disagree about what that precisely meant. Only 14 nations, all in the developing world, and the Vatican still recognize Taiwan. Beijing has tried hard to stop any international recognition for the island.The United States, while recognizing Beijing, is deliberately careful in its wording.The United States says only that it “acknowledges” Beijing’s claim to Taiwan — and leaves it for the two sides to work out a solution while opposing any use of force to change the status quo.In practice, Taiwan enjoys many of the trappings of a full diplomatic relationship with the United States.While there is no US embassy in Taipei, Washington runs a center called the American Institute in Taiwan. In the United States, the island’s diplomats enjoy the status of other nations’ personnel.Beijing is sensitive to any move that could amount to official recognition of Taiwan, such as when Tsai spoke by telephone to Trump after his election but before his inauguration.The United States has pushed for Taiwan to be included in UN bodies such as the World Health Organization.The topic is sure to come up during the visit of Alex Azar, the secretary of health and human services, who like many around the world has praised Taiwan’s effective response to the novel coronavirus pandemic.Topics : Taiwan’s official name remains the Republic of China, while the mainland is the People’s Republic of China.For years both sides still formally claimed to represent all of China although that landscape has changed in recent decades.Since the late 1990s, Taiwan has transformed from an autocracy into a vibrant democracy and a distinct Taiwanese identity has emerged. The current ruling party, led by popular president Tsai Ing-wen, regards Taiwan as a de facto sovereign nation, not part of China. The KMT, now in opposition, is more supportive of better ties with Beijing, especially on trade and maintains the idea that Taiwan is part of China. Bitter history The deep rift between China and Taiwan dates back to China’s civil war, which erupted in 1927 and pitted forces aligned with the Communist Party of China against the Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) army.Eventually defeated by Mao Zedong’s Communists, KMT chief Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan, which was still under KMT control.From there, Chiang continued to claim the entirety of China — just as the mainland claimed Taiwan. Why has the announcement by the United States of its highest-level visit to Taiwan for four decades sparked such anger from Beijing? Here is a recap of the key issues surrounding the delicate relations between the US, China and Taiwan. Why the fuss? Washington cut formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 1979, switching recognition to Beijing as the sole representative of China, with the mainland becoming a major trading partner.But the United States at the same time maintained a decisive, if at times delicate, role in supporting Taiwan.Under a law passed by Congress, the United States is required to sell Taiwan military supplies to ensure its self-defense against Beijing’s vastly larger armed forces.In recent decades US presidents have been somewhat reluctant to sell big ticket items to Taiwan, fearful of incurring Beijing’s wrath.US President Donald Trump’s administration has no such qualms and has approved a string of military sales, including an $8 billion fighter jet deal to replace Taiwan’s ageing fleet.
LATEST 4 targets Mateo Kovacic is looking to leave Real Madrid to get more regular football. The Croatian midfielder joined the Champions League winners from Inter Milan in 2015 but did not play as much as he would have liked under Zinedine Zidane. Manchester City are monitoring the 24-year-old in case they are unable to reach an agreement with Napoli over a fee for Jorginho. (Manchester Evening News)Frank Lampard has entered the race to snap up £3million Hibernian midfielder John McGinn. The new Derby County boss, working as a TV pundit at the World Cup, has registered his interest in the Scotland international. (Daily Mail) Mbappe is currently representing France at the World Cup Latest Transfer News Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ LIVING THE DREAM Manchester United are ready to battle Manchester City and Real Madrid to capture French striking sensation Kylian Mbappe. The 19-year-old spent last season on loan at Paris Saint-Germain before tying up a £166million permanent deal from Monaco this summer. But having spent £198m on Neymar last year, PSG are being investigated over financial fair play face being booted out of the Champions League as well as being hit with huge fines if found guilty. United are monitoring the potential consequences for PSG’s deal with Monaco and have registered their interest in Mbappe with the teenager’s advisers. (Daily Mirror) moving on RANKED 4 4 Here’s all the latest transfer news and gossip from Monday’s newspapers… Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer 4 Eden Hazard could leave Chelsea this summer REVEALED Newcastle United winger Matt Ritchie is ready for a shock return to Bournemouth — with Josh King going the other way. Scotland star Ritchie, 28, joined Rafa Benitez’s Toon two years ago but could now return to Eddie Howe’s Cherries as the clubs discuss ways of doing a deal for striker King. (The Sun)Arsenal boss Unai Emery has made a “personal call” to Ever Banega in an attempt to lure him to the Gunners. Sevilla star Banega is a top target for the new Gunners manager as he aims to bring in a central player to star in the attacking three behind the striker in a 4-2-3-1 formation. (Daily Mirror)Chelsea and Belgium midfielder Eden Hazard was offered to Real Madrid before the Champions League final in May. (Marca) Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January Wayne Rooney is set to leave Everton this summer The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star Maurizio Sarri plans to live at Chelsea’s training ground when he joins the club this week. The former Napoli coach is expected in London in the next 24 hours to sign a two-year deal with the option for a third. (Daily Mirror)Four Everton players could follow defender Ramiro Funes Mori out of the Goodison Park exit door this summer. Midfielder Morgan Schneiderlin looks to be heading to French club Marseille while Ashley Williams and Yannick Bolasie may also be off. Wayne Rooney, who returned to the club from Manchester United last summer, is set to join MLS side DC United. (Daily Star) Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade targets IN DEMAND