Brazilian Air Force Conducts Unprecedented Irregular Warfare Training Exercise

first_imgBy Taciana Moury/Diálogo June 22, 2018 The irregular warfare exercise consisted of fighting against insurgent groups, paramilitary organizations, and resistance movements. The Brazilian Air Force’s (FAB, in Portuguese) Operational Exercise (EXOP, in Portuguese) Tápio, which included scenarios similar to peacekeeping missions of the United Nations. The unprecedented 16-day exercise took place between April and May 2018, involving about 700 service members from 21 air force squadrons. FAB used 42 aircraft from its different branches in the training exercise: fighters, rotary-wing, transport, search and rescue (SAR), and reconnaissance aircraft. Those included the C-130 Hercules; C-105 Amazonas; SC-105 Amazonas SAR; C-95 Bandeirante; E-99; A-1 AMX; A-29 Super Tucano; H-36 Caracal; MI-35 AH-2 Sabre; and H-60L Black Hawk helicopters. In all, aircraft logged in around 1,200 flight hours. The 5th Wing’s base in Campo Grande, in the mid-western Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, served as the backdrop for the exercise. FAB Colonel André Luiz Alves Ferreira, co-director of the exercise and head of the Operational Preparation Control Division of the Preparation Command (COMPREP, in Portuguese), said the choice for the first edition of Tápio was far from random. “The 5th Wing is very versatile and encompasses organizations capable of undertaking search and rescue operations, air defense, tactical transport missions, and special operations,” Col. André Luiz told Diálogo. “In addition, the surrounding region has very favorable climatic conditions at this time of year and a geographical area with appropriate characteristics to conduct the exercise.” The objective of the activities, Col. André Luiz said, was to train aerial squadrons and infantry units in combined operations. “The focus was on a wide-ranging and rational training exercise, based on a realistic and up-to-date operational scenario. If, in the future, FAB becomes engaged in UN peacekeeping missions, this training will be very useful,” he explained.. In addition to FAB service members, four members of the Brazilian Army and four from the Brazilian Navy participated in EXOP Tápio. Service members acted as forward air controllers, coordinating aerial attack missions on targets within a defined area. “It was an excellent opportunity to undertake joint missions in an exercise under FAB’s control,” said Col. André Luiz. Composite aerial missions Air squadrons and infantry units took part in the Air Force’s most important missions. The missions included close air support, forward air control, escort, aerial reconnaissance, aerial infiltration and exfiltration, combat SAR, aerial medevac, air assault, and counter-air defense, among others. “We started with some doctrinal guidelines to disseminate important operational concepts about the flights themselves. Aerial activities began on the second day and, according to design, their complexity evolved gradually, until we executed composite air operations (COMAO),” said Col. André Luiz. FAB Major General Augusto Cesar Abreu dos Santos, exercise director and commander of 5th Wing, said the greatest benefit of Tápio was COMAO. “They involve around 20 aircraft which take off together and fulfill certain objectives; coordination is essential and very complex. We were successful in more than 90 percent of the simulated training scenarios,” he told the Air Force Press Agency. Quality of training benefits squadrons “An exercise involving 26 squadrons operating together is no routine event; therefore, the exchange of experience and the lessons learned during these missions allow us to grow operationally,” said FAB Lieutenant Colonel Luciano Antônio Marchiorato Dobignies, commander of the Second Squadron of the 10th Aviation Group. “The Tápio exercise provided participating units with valuable doctrinal and operational lessons,” he added. The Pelican Squadron, part of the 5th Wing, took part in EXOP Tápio with 100 of its 130 service members. The team flew 384 missions, mostly combat SAR and close air support, the unit’s specialties. Of these, 17 missions fell under the SC-105, an aircraft configured for SAR missions. “We also took part in the general coordination of the exercise, especially in planning combat SAR missions and providing tactical pre-hospital care,” Lt. Col. Marchiorato told Diálogo. The role of the Pelican Squadron during Tápio was to assist in the rescue of a crew-member brought down in hostile territory. Two helicopters and their crew extracted and provided medical care to the victim and two to four helicopters (AH-2 Sabre) or fixed-wing aircraft (A-29) escorted the SAR rotary-wing aircraft. “The aircraft took off in a coordinated manner so that the helicopters were continuously covered against ground-based threats. The SC-105 flew high, outside the range of any ground-based threats and provided updates on the overall situation on the battlefield and the condition of the evading service member using electro-optical, radar, and personnel locator systems. The mission was considered a success when the evading service member was rescued and all aircraft returned to safety,” explained Lt. Col. Marchiorato. Objectives attained Col. André Luiz believes that the first edition of the training exercise fulfilled its objectives. “We standardized the doctrine conceived, trained the crews in all planned air force missions, and learned a number of lessons that will be important for future exercises.” In addition to Tápio, COMPREP planned two major conventional warfare exercises: Tínia, a land-based exercise, and Caríbidis, to take place in a tactical maritime environment. “Our idea is to hold two of these three EXOP every year, to be defined in accordance with command aspirations and prior analysis for priority and need for training,” Col. André Luiz said.last_img read more

Boost social aid to offset PSBB: Indef

first_imgIndonesia’s economy shrank by 5.32 percent year-on-year (yoy) in the second quarter of this year. The government expects the economy to contract 1.1 percent at worst or grow 0.2 percent at best in 2020. The economic impact of the so-called micro-scale social restrictions (PSBM) in Jakarta’s satellite cities, including Bogor, Bekasi and Depok, may not be as bad as the restrictions in the capital, according to Izzudin.Jakarta’s neighboring province of West Java had reported about 15,500 confirmed cases as of Thursday, making it the fourth-hardest-hit province.Berly Martawardaya, research director at Indef, said the government could adopt a risk-factor-based approach to making lockdown decisions to save lives while keeping the economy afloat.“If the cases do not slow down in two weeks, the second PSBB will likely be extended. If they decline, the reopening should be based on risk factors so we can stop the pandemic and save the economy – in that order,” he said.The Jakarta administration, he suggested, could close industries that made little economic contribution and had a high risk of transmission, such as entertainment and recreation.Under PSBB, 11 essential sectors – including health, food, energy, communications, finance, logistics and daily needs retail – are allowed to operate at 50 percent of capacity.Government offices and private companies outside these sectors must implement work-from-home policies and allow no more than 25 percent of their employees to work in the office at the same time.In the recently published Asian Development Outlook 2020 Update, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) stated that continued disruption from the pandemic would have “severe implications for growth” in Indonesia, with domestic demand and export prospects dampened as a consequence.Read also: Prolonged pandemic could derail Indonesia’s recovery, ADB, economists warn“Basically, there isn’t a trade-off [between public health and the economy]. This is a health crisis. Unless you can address this effectively, you can’t have a full recovery,” ADB director for macroeconomics research Abdul Abiad said on Tuesday.“We have to remember that containment has many different dimensions, and if you focus on the things that help with the outbreak and don’t hurt the economy so much, you will do well,” Abdul added.Topics : The government will need to augment its social safety net to offset the economic blow of the reimposed large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) in Jakarta, an economist with the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef) has said.Izzudin Farras of Indef said on Thursday that the lack of a social cushion could pose a risk to the economy, as the capital city accounted for nearly one fifth of Indonesia’s gross domestic product (GDP).“If Jakarta’s economy remains negative in the third quarter, with the apparent impact since July and August, it will hit the national economy and indicate recession at the national level,” Izzudin said in a virtual discussion.Izzudin added that the government needed to improve its social assistance programs by placing more emphasis on the millions of vulnerable members of the middle class who were prone to falling into poverty because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Policymakers should expand and update the Social Affairs Ministry’s Integrated Data for Social Welfare (DTKS), he said, to cover 60 percent of the nation’s poorest people, an increase from the bottom 40 percent currently accounted for.“With updates and a large amount of data, the government can make social assistance better targeted to middle-lower-class people,” said Izzudin. Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan announced on Sept. 9 that large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) would be reimposed in the city, replacing the “transitional PSBB” that had prevailed since June, over concerns that Jakarta would run out of isolation beds by Sept. 17 if no additional restrictions were put in place.As of Thursday, the capital had recorded about 58,500 confirmed COVID-19 cases, accounting for a quarter of the national tally of more than 232,600.Jakarta is the largest regional contributor to the national economy. The area’s regional domestic product accounted for 17.17 percent of the country’s GDP in the second quarter, Statistics Indonesia (BPS) data shows. The capital is followed by East Java (14.6 percent) and West Java (13.45 percent), which are also virus epicenters.So far, the government has earmarked Rp 204.95 trillion (US$13.8 billion) for social safety net programs in its COVID-19 response plan, including for direct cash transfers and the Family Hope program, out of the total relief budget of Rp 695.2 trillion.last_img read more

McIlroy shares lead in Denver

first_imgTwo late bogeys saw Rory McIlroy slip back into a share of the lead after round one of the BMW Championship as he chases a first FedEx Cup title. Press Association The world number one came into the third leg of the four-tournament play-off series sitting second in the overall standings and led in Colorado on five under after 15 holes. But dropped shots on two of his last three saw the Northern Irishman record a 67 and drop back into a share of top spot alongside Jordan Spieth and Gary Woodland. “You can see by the scores it’s pretty tricky out there,” he told Sky Sports 4. “Low scores aren’t really too easy to come by so 67 is still a good start even though it could have been a bit better. “The fairways are firm so even when you’re hitting irons and fairway-woods off the tees they’re running out and through fairways and into the rough and the rough is thick. “Then the greens are so firm, the greens have got so much firmer over the past 24 hours and it’s really made a huge difference.” Beginning his round on the 10th, McIlroy picked up shots on 12 and 17 and a run of three birdies from the first to the third put him in the driving seat before his two late bogeys brought him back to the pack. The top 30 in the FedEx Cup rankings after this weekend at Cherry Hills Village will advance to next week’s Tour Championship where the points will be reset so every player has a chance of claiming the 10million US dollar (£6.1million) bonus. And after day one, while the positions within that top 30 had provisionally altered, no player from outside that group was on target to break in, although nine players were still on the course when play was stopped due to risk of electrical activity. Woodland enjoyed a steady round as he registered four birdies and a bogey while Spieth was a touch more eratic with three blemishes on his card countered by six birdies. A group of nine players sat a single shot off the lead including European Ryder Cup players Martin Kaymer, Sergio Garcia and Henrik Stenson – who was coming up 18 when the horn sounded to end play. Justin Rose was in a group a further shot back with Ernie Els, Jason Day, Jim Furyk, Phil Mickelson and Bubba Watson all level par. Current FedEx Cup leader Chris Kirk was in the group at one over is delighted that his win last week has put him in with a good chance of winning the big prize. “It’s what it’s all about,” he said. “Being in this kind of position to possibly win that big of a prize is unbelievable and the FedEx Cup is kind of critical for us on the PGA Tour nowadays.” Following his win at the Deutsche Bank Championship, many thought Kirk may have been handed a Ryder Cup wild card by United States captain Tom Watson but the skipper instead went with Hunter Mahan, Keegan Bradley and Webb Simpson. But Kirk claims that was not a huge disappointment, and said: “I pretty much was still on cloud nine coming off such a big win and, as I’ve said all along, those guys who finished in the top nine are the ones that have control of them being on the team. “Beyond that, captain Watson has the right to do whatever he feels like he wants to do.” Mahan experienced a poor first round as he shot a five over 75 while Patrick Reed, who qualified for the American team to play at Gleneagles, was seven over. last_img read more

Meade plots Monksland comeback

first_img Press Association “Monksland has been held up a bit with kissing spines, and might not be ready for the Hatton’s Grace,” said the Navan trainer. “If not we’ll wait for Leopardstown at Christmas. He’s never had a leg but has just been held up with little things.” Noel Meade still hopes to get Monksland back on the track by Christmas at the latest after a near two-year lay-off.center_img The seven-year-old has been sidelined since winning the Christmas Hurdle at Leopardstown in December 2012 and the big Festival meeting there could be his starting point. Meade wanted to have the three-time Grade Two winner ready to make his comeback in the Bar One Racing Hatton’s Grace Hurdle at Fairyhouse at the end of November but faces a race against time following a setback. last_img read more

Osasuna-Real Madrid La Liga is another story

first_imgBale returned and won Madrid without having to do, at all, with one another. Because the Welshman repeated his pedestrian attitude in a team forced to fight extremely in hostile land. The 70 minutes of Bale were long in the game at the tremendous expected. Years go by, templates and technicians change, but games like this are repeated between Osasuna and Madrid, full of rhythm and rumble. In the end, the Navarrese heart did not lose his mind to Zidane’s team.The Sadar decrees San Fermín with each visit from Madrid to Pamplona, ​​a chupinazo of adrenaline that shoots at Osasuna. This time it rang loudly. Three minutes later they had shot the reds three times, inflated by that atmosphere that so overwhelmed Madrid. There is no restraint in Osasuna in games like that. It doesn’t attack, it pounces. Do not defend, devour. Even without Chimy Ávila, his last flag, injured for the entire season. Even when he lost to Moncayola, his reference midfielder, at eight minutes, when his heels were stuck in the grass to damage his knee.For that Vietnamese party, Zidane chose Bale, perhaps the only footballer in the world who does not threaten to leave but to stay, to appeal to his permanence clause instead of the termination clause. About him Zidane returns repeatedly, who knows if because for parties where the volume goes up he needs his experience or if he really fulfills the dreaded threat of exhausting (the perfect verb for that matter) his contract. The point is that he left and not Vinicius, the agitator of the last two games.Bale’s negligence symbolized the horrific exit of Madrid, without genius or order. Casemiro, who was returning to carry out his usual police work, could not stop the header at the plate of the Unai García power plant that advanced the Navarrese after three Osasunista occasions and a clear error from Bale, who received a great in-depth pass from Isco, another of the novelties, and he let himself be hunted by Estupiñán. The speed train that Madrid bought seemed close to the Ecuadorian sprint, a source of energy for its equipment. Faced with running or dying of Osasuna, Madrid took a long time to find the ball, the weapon of self-defense. And he did it already with the scoreboard against (and he could do inferiority if Gil Manzano punishes with a red strike of Ramos), an overload for a team with notable deficiencies in the auction. However, he let go some good occasions: David García and Estupiñán saved two goals with Herrera out of the frame and Bale had a header without opposition in the precise center of Carvajal. In half an hour it was corrected. Bale tried a left-footed shot that made a punishable entry of Estupiñán defective and the ball fell to Isco, who spliced ​​right to the net. The goal prevented the intervention of the VAR, which would probably have recommended the previous penalty.Madrid changed from its sides. Precise and intelligent Carvajal, overflowing and explosive Mendy. They took the team out of the mud and found help in other players called for the remove and added to the charge. The second goal came in two headers in the area that Osasuna tolerated. Casemiro put his in the first suit and Ramos, the final, in the goal of Herrera. In five minutes the Arrasate team went from solid to gaseous, largely because Madrid, dragged by the wise honesty of Modric, a couture midfielder able to roll up his sleeves, had been tying the intensity game.The second half began with a mess because Gil Manzano, with the necessary complicity of the VAR, swallowed a penalty from Estupiñán to Modric and a red penalty to Nacho Vidal, who hunted Valverde. The double mistake ended the concentration of Madrid and pushed Osasuna again, which chained three very clear opportunities. Thus, accelerating and braking, trumpeting, the Navarrese team was shown throughout the game.Twenty minutes from the end, Zidane ran out of patience with Bale and put Lucas Vázquez, a proletarian solution to a game of hard work and at that point he had returned to balance. Madrid began to breathe for Isco, always an exit in combat matches, and Arrasate was replacing strikers in search of a second impulse. That ended with a blow of science from Benzema, who marked the pass to Modric and I hope, attracting vigilance, until Lucas came with the rapier and finished a game that reinforces the leader. Then Jovic took that to the win. The game ended up being able to fury.last_img read more