Ministry of Health releases results of Gastroenteritis Illness Study

first_imgHealthLifestyleLocalNews Ministry of Health releases results of Gastroenteritis Illness Study by: – June 15, 2011 Share Share 16 Views   no discussions Photo credit: trialx.comThe Ministry of Health has completed a one- year study of the Burden of Gastroenteritis Illness in Dominica. The study was conducted in collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Ross University and with technical assistance from the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC).  The methodology used was developed by the World Health Organization.The objective of the study which was conducted in 2009-2010 was to determine the magnitude, distribution and under-reporting rate for Acute Gastroenteritis (AGE) and the most important causes of foodborne diseases (FBD) in Dominica.The results show that the prevalence of AGE was higher in females and highest in the under 5 year age-group.  Prevalence of AGE was lowest in 45-64 years age-group. The occurrence of AGE varied by health district, with the highest monthly prevalence of self-reported cases of AGE reported in the Portsmouth District (13.1%) followed by St. Joseph (12.6%) and Roseau (9.3%).   The Grand Bay health district had the lowest prevalence (2.1%). This difference across health regions was statistically significant (p= 0.0144).The average number of days an individual suffered with AGE ranged from 1- 28 days. Of the 84 AGE cases, 42 reported restricted activity and had to spend time at home due to their illness.  The range of days spent at home was 1 – 7 days.The predominant pathogen isolated was Norovirus(29%) followed by parasites (12%), Salmonella (7%) andShigella (4%) suggesting that viruses are the main cause of FBD in Dominica.The economic cost of the burden of AGE on the public health system was estimated to be $3,727,187.19 (US$1,395,950) or EC$51.80 (US$19.40) per capita implying the huge economic burden of AGE on Dominica. This estimate was based on the average cost of basic medical services, supplies, hospitalization in the public health system as well as working days lost and care-giver needed. These factors were calculated using value in proportion from the study and basic cost at the public health system.The Burden of AGE Study is the first of its kind in Dominica and has provided evidence that AGE is a significant public health and economic burden in Dominica. Recognizing the significant amount of under-reporting is essential in designing appropriate interventions and assessing the impact of these pathogens in the population.Based on this study the following recommendations are being made in order to reduce the burden and morbidity associated AGE: 1. Improve the collection of stool specimens from persons with diarrhea – patients with diarrhoea are encouraged to submit a sample when requested by health professionals2. Continue testing stool specimens for the increased range of causes of AGE introduced during this study3. Improved procurement methods and funding for laboratory media and supplies, in particular Norovirus kits4. Improve timely reporting of all laboratory confirmed pathogens to the Ministry of Health5. Enhance food safety practices along the farm to table continuum6. Continue public health food safety messages and related educational activities7.Target the identified risk factors for FBD when allocating resources for education, food safety, and infrastructure. Tweet Sharing is caring! Sharelast_img read more

Meet Avram Grant’s four debutants for Ghana v Canada

first_imgMatch: Canada v GhanaDate: Tuesday, October 13Time: 1130pm GMT –Avram Grant has named four debutants for the Black Stars game against Canada in Washington later on Tuesday. Ghanaians will be keen to see what different dimension these four players will add to the side.German based Phil Ofosu Ayeh, former Kotoko full-back Gideon Baah and US duo of Lloyd Sam and Kwadwo Poku are the four who will be given the honour to don the Stars jersey tomorrow.Who are they?PHIL OFOSU AYEH The 24-year old is born to a German mother and a Ghanaian father.He currently plies his trade for German second division side Eintracht Braunschweig. Phil is predominantly a right full back, but occasionally makes his way to the right midfield role. He has about 156 appearances for various lower tier German sides over the span of five years with five goals in his six years as a professional.Ayeh was reportedly invited to the Black Satellites in 2011 but failed to make it due to issues regarding paper work. Ofosu Ayeh has good pace about him and at 6fts, he is relatively tall for the full back position.– LLOYD SAMThe New York red bulls winger will be hoping he stays fit for this game after his first call up was hampered by injury.Lloyd began his footballing in England with Leyton Orient before moving to London side Charlton Atlethic and just like the typical English wingers, he is blessed with pace and loves to hug the touchline.He has however evolved over the course of time and can now play in a central attacking area where he still deploys his pace to devastating effect. Lloyd currently plays in the United States with the New York Red Bulls where he joined in 2012. Despite struggling with form and injuries in the beginning, he has now settled to life in the MLS this current season and has been very pivotal for his side bagging ten goals.The downside to Lloyd will be his age as he may not be in the Stars team for long. At 31, he may not be well suited to replace Asamoah Gyan in the long run who is also currently in his 30’s. –GIDEON BAAHBaah is, admittedly, the most common name amongst the debutants.Right from his MTN Soccer Academy days in Ghana, many had tipped the youngster for great success. A horrific injury for Kotoko against Hearts of Oak which kept him away for almost two years may have curtailed his progress, but he has grown in leaps and bounds afterwards. He is predominantly a left full back blessed with a terrific left foot. He currently plays for Finnish side Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi. At 6ft 1, he adds additional height to defence as well as being strong and physically imposing. Marking and tackling are some of his attributes and opposing wingers are often given a tough time with Baah.At 24, he has a lot footballing years ahead of him and his contest with Baba Rahman for the left full back role will be a interesting, going forward. For a side, which cried for a natural left footed full back in recent years, we could as well be spoilt for choice as we are blessed with top notch personnel in that department now counting Jeffrey Schlupp and Frank Acheampong who can also be deployed in that role.–KWADWO POKU The 23-year old midfielder was born in Kumasi and began his life there.The former Kotoko youth player has earned great reviews in the MLS this season following a string of impressive performances. Why not? Poku has still made a name for himself in a team where he was likely to be overshadowed by international stars, David Villa, Frank Lampard and Andrea Pirlo.He is a physically imposing midfielder and has been likened to Man City and reigning African player of the year Yaya Toure. Poku has bags of energy and can power his side forward with driving runs. Not only has his game been focused on the physical aspect, he has great technique and a great eye to thread eye through the needle passes as well as score a few goals.In modern terms, he is an all round midfielder who will contribute to all facets of the game. –Follow Kweku on Twitter: @nana_odum. Get more updates on Facebook/Twitter with the #JoySports hashtaglast_img read more

‘Bolt’s records will be hard to beat’

first_imgAsafa Powell, the former holder of the 100 metres world record, believes that it will be hard to break the world sprint marks held by his illustrious Jamaican teammate Usain Bolt.Powell, who was speaking last week in India, says Bolt’s third lowering of the 100-metre record – to 9.58 seconds – was a great race. His opinion concurs with the view expressed early this year by another former world record holder, Donovan Bailey of Canada,”It will be very difficult to break these two records,” offered the 33-year-old Powell. Like the world record for 200 metres, Bolt set the current 100 metres standard at the 2009 World Championships in Berlin, Germany, with Powell getting third place.”I was pretty much the best starter in the world and he was already ahead of me at the start,” Powell recalled.Contrary to the general perception of the tall man from Trelawny being slow from the blocks, Bolt led the field from the very first step. He clocked 6.31 seconds at the 60-metre mark, which is superior to the world indoor record for 60 metres of 6.39.”So, he had a great race,” he said admiringly. “It’s going to be very hard for someone to come and match that run,” he stated.Powell set the world record at 9.77 seconds in 2005, equalled it twice before trimming it to 9.74 in 2007. Bolt accelerated that to 9.72 seconds before the 2008 Olympics and won the gold medal there with a miraculous run of 9.69 seconds.RECORDS LIKELY TO STAND”I would say it is likely to stand for a very long time,” he concluded of the 9.58 clocking. He did allow that the 100m record was slightly more vulnerable. “I feel the 9.58 is more likely to be broken,” he continued.The all-time performance list has the joint second-fastest 100-metre men alive, Jamaica’s Yohan Blake and American Tyson Gay, tied at 9.69 seconds while Blake’s personal best at 200 metres of 19.26 is closer to the Bolt world record of 19.19 seconds. Though Powell has a 200-metre personal best of 19.90 seconds and qualified for the 2004 200-metre Olympic final, he thinks Bolt’s world record in the curved sprint is astounding. “19.19secs in 200m is ridiculous,” Powell said.Earlier in the year, Bailey, the Olympic 100-metre champion in 1996, said the world records will stand for a long time. Bailey, who set a world record to win his Olympic gold medal, said: “Bolt has set the current bar high for sprinters and someone will be along to break his records in the far, far future.”last_img read more