History Is a Tool for Sustaining Culture, Unity and Patriotism

first_imgThe May 18 edition of the Daily Observer paid tributes to three of Liberian History writers whose names now lie in history. They are Nigerian-born Dr. Igolima Amacree, Guinean-born Dr. Alpha Bah and American-born Dr. Svend Holsoe. The emphasis placed on these men’s works is not meant to glorify them as the best writers among all, but to stress the significance of their work to the Liberian society.History as the focus of this Editorial plays key roles in nation building, sustaining culture and unity, and kindling the spirit of patriotism. In the Liberian school system, most students define History as, “The written record of past events.” This short clause has a lot of meaning as to why we study History. History helps us understand change and how the society we live in came to be.History is also an inescapable subject of serious study. The past causes the present, and so the future (American Historical Association).History also provides identity, contributes to moral understanding and good citizenship (Peter N. Stearns). Another commentator, Pearl Buck, said “If you want to understand today, you have to search yesterday.”Why lay these premises in support of the significance of History to society? Liberia has many young and old people who do not know Liberian History. As a result of lack of knowledge of our history, you will note that our identities are hardly known; whether or not we are Africans. In fact, writing our history has been a difficult task. Either interested writers will not have the financial capacity to publish, or they will be biased to praise one group of people and demonize another. History is meant to give people the direction to recognize where they fell short and how they can correct their past mistakes to prepare for the future. But as Liberia stands without a comprehensive volume of history, the younger generation has no knowledge about what makes them Liberian. Why should they be proud of their country and what it means to preserve their culture? How, then, do we prepare for our future in the absence of history? Unfortunately, our National Archives building is lacking in the collection of artifacts and other important historical documents. In his Tribute to Dr. Svend Holsoe, who recently passed, Liberian historian Dr. Elwood Dunn feared that the Holsoe historical collection on Liberia “may contain the only surviving copies of important Liberian state papers and historical and cultural documents.”Without readily available historical and cultural documents and artifacts, how do people trace their history and culture with appreciation and gratitude? You will recall that all children born from the 1980s up to 2000, including many elderly, have no knowledge about the civil conflict that took place in this country because no history is being published about it.In our Editorial last Thursday, we suggested that the Liberian government or one or two of our universities, for example the University of Liberia an Cuttington University, could take the initiative to negotiate with Indiana University to obtain copies of the Holsoe collection and make them available right here in Liberia.There is something unique to learn about the United States of America. A tour guide leading African journalists in Washington, D.C. said, “United States is built on history, and by our history we are able to direct our socio-economic development path.” Because of the importance of history to the Americans, he noted, everyone that played certain roles in that society is remembered by a statue. For that, you will see statutes in almost all cities in the United States. This historical pattern, he said, motivates Americans to do the best they can so that society will remember them. That is exactly what the Class of 1959 of the Booker Washington Institute (BWI) did in erecting on their campus a statue of R. Vanjah Richards (BWI Class of ‘52), Liberia’s most celebrated sculptor.An African proverb says, “Until lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunters.” A commentator, Thomas Carlyle, also said, “History is a mighty dramos, enacted upon the theatre of times, with suns for lamps and eternity for a background.” Without history a country cannot easily direct its step or plan its future.More simply put, how can we know who we are or where we are going, if we do not know where we come from? Let the Government of Liberia provide a budget to hire independent writers to write the History of Liberia in order to help Liberians to know themselves, appreciate their culture and history, and build the spirit of patriotism.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Ex-Chelsea star and Premier League flop scores belter!

first_imgFormer Chelsea, Blackburn and Wigan striker Franco Di Santo was once derided for his terrible goalscoring record – but those days are no more as he stars for Werder Bremen.The Argentinian hotshot is in great form for the Bundesliga side right now having netted 12 times this season.And he won’t have scored many better than this belter against Freiburg which gave Bremen a 1-0 victory, lifting them to eighth in the table.You can check out the magnificent goal above…last_img

Hart School District’s Measure V spending appropriate, audit finds

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREChargers go winless in AFC West with season-ending loss in Kansas City“I can tell you nothing was inappropriately spent,” Guthrie said. “Measure V funds paid for construction-related projects.” It was acceptable, she said, to use developer fees to expand the district’s fleet of vehicles and to pay salaries for new administrative positions because both expenditures were related to growth in the district. Developers are charged fees to help schools accommodate the growth their homes generate. In response to the audit, the district has improved its method of tracking how specific funding is spent by assigning code numbers to projects and using those numbers in identifying revenue sources. pat.aidem@dailynews.com (661) 257-5251 SANTA CLARITA – The Hart School District kept murky records for the spending Measure V construction bond money, according to an audit that found bond money was pooled with revenue spent for district vehicles and administrators’ salaries. In somewhat twisted language, auditors concluded in the Performance Audit Report for the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2006, that the Hart Union High School District “lacks documented proof that Measure V funds were not inappropriately used …” Susan Guthrie, Hart’s chief financial officer, acknowledged Tuesday that the money from voter-approved Measure V was mixed with state construction funding and developer fees for campus construction and growth-related costs. But the amount of bond money in the pool easily matched the costs of appropriate expenditures. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more


first_img When Evolve do sales, well they do sales!Probably only Donegal’s largest menswear store has the neck to knock up to a staggering 75% off selected stock in their summer sale.But this is no select bargain bin sale – the vast majority of stock has been slashed by 50%.The sale started last week and has the entire town of Letterkenny and surrounding regions talking.Selected suits are down to €99, trousers are €25, footwear is from €20 and two pairs of jeans are €45 on certain brands.The young McCloskey brothers, who opened the store, say they don’t do sales at the drop of a hat.Instead they concentrate on two main sales in the year – the January sale for winter bargains and the July sale for the sizzling summer sell-out.The store has now built up a reputation for looking after everyone from the young trend-setter wanting to wear the latest labels to the more mature gentleman and those in between!The bottom line is that Evolve have a cracking summer sale on right now, almost everything has been reduced and you’re sitting there reading this.What are you waiting for – nip around to Evolve and see it for yourself. HAVE THE BOYS FROM EVOLVE LOST THE PLOT WITH LATEST SALE? was last modified: July 11th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:EvolveSALE Advertlast_img read more

Scotland’s Stuart Hogg named player of the Six Nations

first_imgScotland’s Stuart Hogg has been voted the Six Nations player of the championship.The award was decided by a combination of an online poll, which the 23-year-old full-back won with over 30 per cent of the vote, and a panel of former rugby players.Hogg, who made his 43rd appearance in a Scottish shirt during the Championship, said: “I’m honoured to receive the RBS player of the championship trophy and join the list of the esteemed players that have won in the past.“I’m extremely grateful for all the supporters who voted for me.”England’s Billy Vunipola came a close second with 27 per cent of the vote, with third place awarded to the tournament’s top-try scorer George North.Ireland’s scrum-half Conor Murray came fourth.Hogg returns to club duty this week with Glasgow Warriors against Ulster at a sell-out Scotstoun on Friday night. Scotland’s Stuart Hogg 1last_img read more

Hart sends a message with shutout of Valencia

first_imgNEWHALL – The Hart High of Newhall girls’ soccer team has nine games remaining on its Foothill League schedule, including one on Tuesday against four-time defending league champion Canyon. But the Indians didn’t hesitate to proclaim Friday’s league opener against visiting Valencia as their most important match of the season. And they turned in a performance to back up the statement. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECoach Doc Rivers a “fan” from way back of Jazz’s Jordan Clarkson “(Getting a win) was really important for us.” Hart, which has finished fourth in league the past four seasons, knew in order to automatically qualify for the Southern Section Div. II playoffs, it would need at least two victories in its combined six games against Canyon, Saugus and Valencia. The past two seasons, the Indians (14-3, 1-0) went a combined 1-8-3 against those three opponents, with the only victory coming last year in a 3-2 triumph against Saugus. Hart also owned a 2-1 victory over Canyon in 2003, the Cowboys’ last loss before its current 22-game league unbeaten streak began. But entering Friday’s match, the Indians had a nine-game winless streak against Valencia (4-7-4, 0-1) – including a loss and a tie last season – making it almost a must-win situation, especially on their home field. “We practiced five hours on Monday and we made it mandatory that everybody had to be there,” said Ladanyi, who headed a deep cross from Clark inside the right post in the 60th minute and set up Clark’s second goal four minutes later. Juniors Brittany Clark and Amanda Ladanyi teamed up on all of Hart’s goals, leading the Indians to a 3-0 victory, their first over the Vikings since a 1-0 triumph on Jan. 9, 2001. “We spent a lot of time together this week talking about this game,” said Clark, who scored in the 12th minute off a Ladanyi corner kick and again in the 64th off passes from Ladanyi and Dominique Penaranda. center_img “We needed this, especially with Canyon coming up on Tuesday.” After Clark’s header off Ladanyi’s corner kick ricocheted off a Valencia defender and inside the right post to give Hart an early lead, the Vikings controlled the tempo of the match for the rest of the half, but still found themselves trailing at the break. Junior goalkeeper Brooke Gauvin, who finished with 12 saves, turned in a stellar second-half performance, stopping several point-blank shots from Clark, Sarina Coutin and Penaranda. But Valencia could only withstand the Indians’ attack for so long before Hart finally scored again. “We had two bad markings on two transitions and they made us pay,” Valencia coach Sean O’Connell said. “But give them their due, they’re 14-3 and they’re a good team. But I’m looking forward to getting another shot at them.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Nominee for the bench: Law ‘belongs to people’

first_img Brown gained notoriety for her abrasive language, some of which was directed at her fellow jurists. Brown berated her colleagues as “philosopher kings” in one opinion, and during a 2000 speech said they were “perilously adrift on the roiling seas of feckless photo-op compassion and political correctness.” For Corrigan, the only abuse she doles out is to the attorneys who argue cases before her. One lawyer fainted during an oral argument in October after being peppered with questions. Still, Corrigan has big shoes to fill. When Brown ended her nine-year stay on the high court in June, she left behind a paradoxical legacy of pithy dissents and abrasive comments, while at the same time writing the most majority opinions. At a news conference Friday, Corrigan said she would not tip her hand about pending cases, adding: “I think the cornerstone of my judicial philosophy is the law doesn’t belong to judges; it belongs to people.” Not everybody was thrilled about Corrigan’s nomination. Some black lawmakers said the governor should have appointed a black, not a white woman, to replace Brown, who was the court’s only black member. “With the appointment of Justice Corrigan, the court is not an accurate representation of California’s minority majority and therefore is lacking in the much-needed diversity to make accurate rulings,” said Mervyn Dymally, D-Compton, head of the California Legislative Black Caucus. Other minority lawmakers suggested Brown, who ruled against affirmative action in an opinion that caught the attention of the Bush administration, didn’t reflect the views of her minority class. Meanwhile, Corrigan, 57, has left a trail of rulings highlighting her judicial thinking, which veers from conservative to moderate. In 2001, Corrigan ruled that local governments can seize vehicles of people suspected of dealing drugs or soliciting prostitutes from a car. That same year, she reversed a Contra Costa County sexual assault conviction on grounds that an expert for the prosecution guided the jury to the conclusion that the defendant “was guilty because he fit the profile.” Assembly Speaker Fabian Nuez, D-Los Angeles, applauded Schwarzenegger’s pick, which must be approved by the Commission on Judicial Appointments. “Going to a centrist from an extremist is a step forward for California,” Nuez said. The commission, which consists of Attorney General Bill Lockyer, Chief Justice Ronald George and appeals Judge Joan Klein, is expected to approve Corrigan during its next meeting on Jan. 4. In other opinions, Corrigan joined the majority in 1997 in reversing convictions for violating a court order for several abortion protesters at a Vallejo clinic. The majority said the government did not prove the protesters were part of a raucous group barred from picketing the clinic. In February, Corrigan joined a three-judge opinion upholding a Department of Motor Vehicles rule allowing the suspension of a motorist’s driving privileges for declining an alcohol test, and said police did not have to prove that the person was operating the vehicle at the time it was stopped. Two years ago, she joined in reversing the murder convictions of five defendants, ruling that the suspects were denied a fair trial because a judge precluded them from fingering a sixth suspect before the jury. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! SAN FRANCISCO – State appeals court Judge Carol Corrigan promises to bring a more moderate voice to the California Supreme Court than her predecessor, who was known for her conservative views and abrasive style. Corrigan was nominated by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Friday to fill the seat of Janice Rogers Brown, the seven-member court’s most conservative member who left in June after President George W. Bush named her to the federal bench. Schwarzenegger on Friday described Corrigan, a member of the 1st District Court of Appeal in San Francisco, as “highly, highly respected” among the legal community. Experts, however, don’t expect a seismic shift if the Republican Corrigan is approved to the high court, the final arbitrator of legal disputes concerning California law, which already includes five Republicans and a Democrat. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals “I don’t think that this makes for any change where the court as a whole is,” said Clark Kelso, a McGeorge School of Law professor. “The court as a whole is a centrist-moderate court, strong on criminal justice and a little more socially moderate on other issues.” Some of the cases facing Corrigan on the high court include whether it’s unconstitutional discrimination to bar lesbians and gays from getting married. Other cases include whether Indian tribes, the state’s biggest monetary donors to politicians, are bound by state campaign disclosure rules, and whether the city of Berkeley can discriminate against a subdivision of the Boy Scouts because of that group’s open discrimination against gays. The Supreme Court, which produces about 100 opinions annually, also might decide whether the state can sue cigarette makers for allegedly targeting children in their advertisements. The court also decides dozens of capital appeals each year. Corrigan as a prosecutor fought vigorously for the death penalty, and was tapped to a lower court judgeship after being the first Alameda County female prosecutor to secure a death sentence in 1986. “She’s much more moderate and centrist than Janice Rogers Brown. I’m impressed by her balance,” said Gerald Uelmen, a Santa Clara University School of Law scholar. “I don’t think she’s coming from any sort of agenda and there’s a lot of hot-button issues on the docket.” last_img read more

Still time to enroll in farm bill dairy program

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Dairy producers still have time to enroll in the dairy Margin Protection Program for coverage in 2016 and can use an online tool developed by dairy economists with the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at The Ohio State University to aid in their decision-making.Cameron Thraen, emeritus professor and formerly an associate professor in the college’s Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics, and John Newton, formerly a Ph.D. graduate student working with Thraen and now senior director, Economic Research, National Milk Producers Federation, collaborated with members of the Dairy Markets and Policy (DMaP) team in 2014 to create the online decision tool.Thraen and Newton, working with a team of dairy economists from the University of Wisconsin, the University of Minnesota, Michigan State University, Cornell University and The Pennsylvania State University developed the web-based decision support tool and the educational programming materials for the USDA Farm Services Agency Margin Protection Program (MPP).The MPP online tool can be accessed on the following websites: fsa.usda.gov/mpptool, dairymarkets.org/MPP, and farmbilltoolbox.farmdoc.illinois.edu/.The deadline to enroll in the MPP was extended to Nov. 20 to help accommodate farmers busy with harvesting, according to U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack.“The fall harvest is a busy time of the year for agriculture, so this extension will ensure that dairy producers have more time to make their choices,” Vilsack said in a written statement. “We encourage all operations to examine the protections offered by this program, because despite the very best forecasts, markets can change.”MPP is a new voluntary dairy safety net program created by the 2014 Farm Bill that provides financial assistance to participating farmers when the margin — the difference between the U.S. All Milk Price and calculated feed costs — falls below the coverage level selected by the farmer.Therefore, the more time producers have to make a decision on their participation level, the better they’ll be able to make the most informed choice, Thraen said.“The dairy market is pretty volatile, so another week, gives more time for the online decision tool to track out the direction in which the margin (milk price versus cost to feed) will trend in 2016,” he said. “The more hard data producers have at their disposal, the better.“It is in a producer’s interest to wait as long as possible before they make program decisions.”The tool helps producers calculate total premium costs and administrative fees associated with the program, as well as forecast MPP payments that will be made during the coverage year and the total MPP benefit that the producer can anticipate, Thraen said.Recently the tool added an advanced feature, one that lets a dairy farmer use her or his own farm milk production, milk price, feed cost, and financial data to customize the decision framework and stress-test their dairy business, he said.“This feature can be found on the online decision tool in the upper left section,” Thraen said. “The DMaP website has complete details on the use of the advanced feature.“Producers who feel that the national data does not reflect their own business experience can use this advanced feature to their advantage.”Currently the online decision tool forecast shows a margin for 2016 that will be above the long-term average, he said.“In great part this is due to very strong demand for cheese and butter here at home,” Thraen said. “However, world dairy markets are volatile, and any decline in the U.S. All Milk Price in the coming weeks could send the dairy margin tumbling.“Ohio dairy farmers need to monitor international dairy prices as well as the continued strength in U.S. domestic demand in the coming weeks. A critical period will be just prior to the decision deadline of Nov. 20.”last_img read more

Six more Bengal districts to become ODF soon

first_imgSix more districts in West Bengal are likely to be declared open defecation free (ODF) by the end of this month, an official said. Of the 23 districts in the State, the Centre had already announced eight districts as ODF.March 31 deadlineHowrah, Paschim Medinipur, Birbhum, Murshidabad, Malda and Dakshin Dinajpur districts are likely to be declared ‘Nirmal Zila’ or ODF by March 31, the State Panchayat and Rural Development department official said.“We have set a deadline of March 31 for completing the construction works for individual household latrines (IHHLs) in these six districts. Construction work is almost over in Howrah and Malda districts. In the other four districts, we are hopeful of achieving the target before the end of this month,” he said. A district is certified ODF only after the Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation representatives conduct a review there to check whether all the households have IHHLs and give their nod. “For Howrah and Malda, we are waiting for the representatives from the Ministry to conduct a review. Once it is completed we will announce them as ‘Nirmal Zila’,” the officer said. The Ministry has, so far, declared eight districts — Nadia, Hooghly, Purba Medinipur, Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Bardhaman, North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas and CoochBehar — in West Bengal as ODF.Nadia was the first district in the country to be acknowledged as ODF by the Centre, which has named the scheme Swachh Bharat Mission.53 lakh more IHHLs “In 2017-18, over nine lakh IHHLs were constructed and by next October we are targeting to completing 53 lakh more,” he said. According to the official, funds from the Centre, meant for this project, were not “fully coming to the State”. “Funds from the Centre are not coming fully to us. And the State government is spending much for the project and that is why we are not using the name Swachh Bharat Mission,” he said. Around ₹12,000 is required to construct one IHHL, of which 60% was to come from the Centre and the rest to be given by the State government. So far, around ₹1,200 crore has been spent in West Bengal for the scheme, he said. The government is aiming to make the entire State ODF by October 2019, he said.last_img read more